• Bhoutan

    continent : Asie

    nom dans la langue : འབྲུག་ཡུལ་

    localisation : Pays d’Asie (Himalaya)

    type constitutionnel : Monarchie constitutionnelle

    capitale : Thimphou

    coordonnées de la capitale : 27.29N/89.38E

    gentilé : bhoutanais/e

    monnaie : ngultrum (BTN)

    langue(s) : dzongkha

    nom en anglais : Bhutan

    indépendance : 1949 (Inde)

    unideo_pays :


  • Langues :

  • dzongkha

    Tibetan Influence and the Start of a Language…

    « There had always been close contact with the Tibetans by trade and religion, and there were a lot of intermarriages between chieftain families of Bhutan and Tibetan elites to strengthen ties, loyalty and power between ruling families. The interaction has allowed the fluid integration and influence of the Tibetan language into the Bhutanese languages of the areas that had a lot of contact with the Tibetans. Especially Dzongkha, the national language of Bhutan… As part of Zhabdrung’s unification strategy, he built fortresses all over Bhutan when he was spreading the Drukpa sect. The fortresses are called Dzongs and serve the purpose of a center of administration as well as a holy place for the monastic body. Thus the formulation of how Dzongkha came to be!
    Dzongkha literally translates to “the language of the Dzong” a.k.a the language of command, administration and common communication. Common communication because the fortresses were all over the country and the language spoken in the Dzongs was Dzongkha. Since the Dzongs were centers of administration and served a religious purpose, they were central to settlements. However not everyone spoke Dzongkha. Only people in the vicinity of the Dzongs could understand it. It appears to be spoken more in the Western region of Bhutan that includes Paro, Haa, Chukha, Thimphu, Punakha and Wangdiphodrang. There had to be translators for communication between the locals and the Dzong. It was not problematic because we were all unified under a common religion and held reverence for the leader and unifier of Bhutan who brought an end to warring chieftains and power hungry families. » – source : mtholyoke.edu / Kunzang C. Wangdi



    nom en anglais : Dzongkha

    ISO : dzo

    PAYS : Bhoutan

    Famille : sino-tibétaines / tibéto-birmanes / tibétain

  • népalais


    nom en anglais : Nepali

    ISO : nep

    PAYS : Népal, Bhoutan, Inde

    Famille : indo-européennes / indo-iraniennes / indo-aryennes

  • santali 

    nom en anglais : Santali

    ISO : sat

    PAYS : Inde, Bangladesh, Népal, Bhoutan

    Famille : austro-asiatiques / munda

  • tibétain

    Bod-skad / བོད་སྐད་

    nom en anglais : Tibetan

    ISO : tib

    PAYS : Chine, Bhoutan, Népal, Inde,Pakistan

    Famille : sino-tibétaines / tibéto-birmanes

  • Twitopique :

  • #bhoutan

    #Bhoutan, le pays du dragon en dzongkha / Cap. Thimphou / Fondé par Shabdrung Ngawang Namgyal au 17e.


    Thème(s) :

    Tags :

    Zone(s) :

    Période(s) :

  • #bnb

    #BNB : Bonheur National Brut / Au Bhoutan, par le roi Jigme Wangchuck / Autre idée de la richesse / 20 mars : journée mondiale du bonheur.


    Thème(s) :

    Tags :

    Zone(s) :

  • #dzongkha lg

    Aux côtés du népalais et du tshangla / Lg #dzongkha (tibéto-birmane) / Lg offic. du Bhoutan / Se transcrit avec l’écr. tibétaine.

  • #népalais lg

    Parmi lgs indo-aryennes (pahari) / #Népalais / Népal, Bhoutan, Inde / Ecrite en devanagari.

  • Galerie UNIDEO :

  • Gross National Happiness… in Bhutan