Name: al-abjadīyah al-ʻarabīyah
Direction: right to left
Creation: Successor to the Nabataean or Syriac alphabet - Oldest Text dated 512.
Complements: Originally, the Arabic alphabet is an abjad (it only notes consonants) - Vowel notation systems were used from the 7th century onwards. / It was the writing of the Koran that benefited from the expansion of Islam / A distinction is made between kufic (angular) and cursive (rounded) writing. Many styles depend on it. / Calligraphic styles occurred: Kufic, Naskhi, thuluth, Farsi, Maghrebi, etc. / The letters change shape depending on whether they are isolated, at the beginning, in the middle, or at the end of a word /