“It wasn’t until May of 1913 when the first movie filmed by an Indian was released for viewing in Bombay. This film was called, “Raja Harishchandra”. (…) The first talkie was released for viewing in India in March of 1931 and was named, “Alam Ara”. The films produced in the 1930s in Bollywood were used to raise awareness to what filmmakers saw as the social ills of the day. (…) World War II and Indian independence from Britain did nothing to slow down India’s film industry. (…) Indian filmmakers widely expanded movie genres from the 1960s through the 1990s to include action films, thrillers, musicals, and love stories.” (world-film-awards.com)
The Egyptian film industry is based in Cairo known as the Hollywood of the Middle East and North Africa region covering about ¾ of all the productions, mainly in (Egyptian) Arabic language. The 1940s to the 1960s are considered the golden age. Two important festivals are held in in Cairo and Alexandria. "Industry professionals say the novel coronavirus pandemic has been like no other crisis. Filmmakers have been forced to reduce staff and regularly sanitise locations that are typically teeming with huge crews and frenetic activity. A film set may usually see more than a 100 people at a time, including stylists and make-up artists who are in close contact with actors. Several Egyptian celebrities, including prominent actors, reported testing positive for the virus following the end of filming Ramadan series." (AFP)
Nollywood – A term which uses to refer to Nigerian film industry although sparkling several controversies.
The Mission is a 1986 film about a 18th-century Guaraní community in eastern Paraguayan jungle. (Guaraní lg)
"Mission" est un film de 1986 sur une communauté guarani du XVIIIe siècle dans la jungle orientale du Paraguay.
What is cinema? How to define it? From the Lumière brothers' films to Hollywood productions, from the Fespaco festival in Ouagadougou to the Bears at the Berlin Biennale, from Bollywood actors to Brazilian telenovelas, how has cinema from its origins testified to the plurality of cultures & societies? How does it reflect its inventiveness, economy, glory and sometimes difficulties? What place does it take in the representation and interpretation of the world? How has digital technology more or less profoundly transformed its nature, production, distribution and economic model?... (to be completed)
Qu’est-ce que le cinéma ? Comment le définir ? Des films des frères Lumière aux réalisations d’Hollywood, du festival du Fespaco à Ouagadougou aux Ours de la biennale de Berlin, des acteurs de Bollywood aux telenovelas brésiliennes, comment le cinéma témoigne-t-il depuis ses origines de la pluralité des cultures & sociétés ? Comment en reflète-t-il l’inventivité, l’économie, la gloire, parfois les difficultés ? Quelle place prend-il dans la représentation et l’interprétation du monde ? Comment le numérique en a transformé plus ou moins profondément la nature, la réalisation, la diffusion, le modèle économique ?... (à compléter)