Egyptian calendar

Ancient Egyptian calendar - A solar calendar with a 365-day year consisting of three seasons of 120 days each, and an intercalary month of five epagomenal days. The three seasons were relying on the variations of the Nile river from the flood to low waters.

Calendrier égyptien

Calendrier égyptien antique - Un calendrier solaire avec une année de 365 jours comprenant trois saisons de 120 jours chacune et un mois intercalaire de cinq jours dits épagénoménaux. Les trois saisons reposaient sur les variations du Nil, de l’inondation aux basses eaux.

The name “Ararat” in the Bible

“The name “Ararat” is mentioned four times in the Bible’s original manuscripts (Genesis 8:4; 2 Kings 19:37; Isaiah 37:38; Jeremiah 51:27). This was the name of a country. On one of its mountains Noah’s ark rested after the Flood subsided (Genesis 8:4). Most researchers believe that the “mountains” mentioned were probably the Kurdish range of South Armenia in Turkey. In the King James Bible, 2 Kings 19:37 and Isaiah 37:38 translate the word “Ararat” as “Armenia.” However, other versions, including the New King James Version, simply say “land of Ararat.” […] In this area of modern Turkey, near the Russian and Iranian borders, there is a large mountain named Mount Ararat. It is made entirely of volcanic rock and is an extinct volcano that rose during Noah’s flood. The highest point is almost 17,000 feet above sea level, and the mountain consists of two peaks, Great Ararat and Little Ararat. It rises a majestic 14,000 feet from the plain of Aras (Araxes). The higher peak is perpetually covered in snow. […] It is believed that the land of “Ararat” is the Hebrew equivalent of Urardhu, or Urartu, which was the Assyrian-Babylonian name of the Vannic or Chaldean kingdom (between the Aras River and the Tigris River).” (



Nilometer – In ancient Egypt, a structure whose purpose was to measure the Nile River's level during the annual flood season. Differents systems were established for that (more or less deserving of this term): a vertical column, a corridor stairway of steps or a deep well with culvert.


Nilomètre – Dans l’Égypte ancienne, structure dont le but était de mesurer le niveau du Nil pendant la saison des inondations annuelles. Différents systèmes ont été mis en place pour cela (méritant plus ou moins ce qualificatif) : une colonne verticale, un système d’escaliers, un puits profond...

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