Kawabata Yasunari

Kawabata Yasunari

Yasunari Kawabata 川端 康成(1899 –1972)
Born in Osaka
Nobel Prize for Literature in 1968

For his Nobel lecture, he started by quoting Dogen (1200-1253)
“In the spring, cherry blossoms, in the summer the cuckoo.
In autumn the moon, and in winter the snow, clear, cold.”
“Japan, The Beautiful and Myself” 美しい日本の私―その序説

Kanji: 春. Radical: 日. Number of strokes: 9. Meaning: “ springtime”. Pronunciation: シュン、はるshun, haru.

jiéqì (24)

“The sky is divided into 24 segments or jiéqì (节气) based on the seasons of the year. The earliest calendars assumed that the motion of the sun was constant and divided the year into 24 segments with equal numbers of days. This method is called píngqì (平气). Because the motion of the sun is not consistent, this was found to be inaccurate. The calendar then changed to a method where the ecliptic (the path of the sun as seen from earth) was divided into 24 equal parts of 15 degrees. This method is called dìngqì (定气). Calendars from the Warring States Period through the Ming Dynasty used the pingqi method in their designs and only changed to the more accurate dingqi method during the Qing Dynasty.” (source: hua.umf.maine.edu)

The 24 jiéqì 节气 consist of the succession of 立春 Lì chūn "Beginning of spring" (Spring festival), 雨水 Yǔ shuĭ "Rain water", 惊蛰 Jīng zhé "Waking of insects", 春分 Chūn fēn "Spring equinox" (March 21), 清明 Qīng míng "Pure brightness", etc.

Yayoi Matsuri


Yayoi Matsuri

For 1,200 years the city of Nikko 日光
Beckons the spring
With Yayoi Matsuri 弥生祭
Held in Futarasan-jinja 二荒山神社
As a fleet of portable shrines (神輿 mikoshi)
Each of them representing a district
Are decorated in artificial cherry blossoms

Kanji: 泉. Radical: 水. Number of strokes: 9. Meaning: “ spring”. Pronunciation: セン、いずみsen, izumi.

year

063/200year

Nowruz نوروز‎ is the Iranian New Year's Day, marking the beginning of spring. (Persian lg, Persian wr)


Nowruz نوروز est le jour du nouvel an iranien, marquant le début du printemps.

What is a year? How to define it? How does it fit into a lunar or solar cycle, or even a mixture of the two? How do we perceive the duration of a year and its renewal in terms of activity, ageing, life project? How do longer periods, decades, centuries (of varying length), have a particular meaning? (to be completed)

Qu’est-ce qu’une année ? Comment la définir ? Comment s’inscrit-elle dans un cycle lunaire, solaire, voire un mélange des deux ? Comment percevons-nous la durée d’une année et son renouvellement en termes d’activité, de vieillissement, de projet de vie ? Comment des périodes plus longues, décennies, siècles (de durée variable), ont-elles une signification particulière ?... (à compléter)

Martenitsa


Martenitsa

Martenitsa мартеница (Bulgaria) or Mărțișor (Romania) - A custom welcoming the spring through a piece of adornment, made of white and red yarn - Intangible Cultural Heritage of Humanity 2017.


Martenitsa мартеница (Bulgarie) ou Mărțișor (Roumanie) - Une coutume accueillant le printemps à travers une pièce de parure en fils blancs et rouges - Patrimoine culturel immatériel de l'humanité 2017.

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