A connected group of railroad cars, pushed or pulled by a locomotive. running on railways within a more or less extensive network, evolving with techniques (speed, comfort, safety, etc.), and which is representative of countries and eras in its modes of operation, services, uses - Each train in itself constitutes a space not only of transport but of life likely to decline its various components (food, sleep, play, work...) requiring from the passengers to have a more or less awareness of this temporary community of being.


Enchaînement de wagons à la suite d’une locomotive circulant sur des voies ferrées au sein d’un réseau plus ou moins étendu, évoluant avec les techniques (vitesse, confort, sécurité, etc.), et qui est représentatif des pays et des époques dans ses modes de fonctionnement, de services, d’usages - Tout train constitue à lui seul un espace non seulement de transport mais de vie susceptible d'en décliner les diverses composantes (alimentation, sommeil, jeu, travail...) appelant chez les passagers un sens plus ou moins éveillé à cette communauté d'être (provisoire).

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In Mauritania, Iron Ore Train is one of the longest trains in the world. (Arabic lg, Arabic wr)

En Mauritanie, Iron Ore Train est l'un des trains les plus longs du monde.

What's a train? How to define it? What does a train represent to us? How did the railway come into being? How did the railway lines develop (tracks - stations...)? How is the interior space of the train organised? What is the role of the railway in economic balances? What are the environmental effects of the railway? What impacts does and will digital technology have on rail traffic?... (to be completed)

Qu’est–ce qu’un train ? Comment le définir ? Que représente le train à nos yeux ? Comment le chemin de fer s’est–il mis en place ? Comment les lignes ferroviaires se sont–elles développées (voies – gares…) ? Comment s’organise l’espace intérieur du train ? Quel est le rôle du chemin de fer dans les équilibres économiques ? Quels sont les effets environnementaux du chemin de fer ? Quels impacts a et aura le numérique sur le trafic ferroviaire ?... (à compléter)

Haunted by the Spanish flu, a small town in Arizona fears that history will repeat itself’

“… “Gone but not forgotten”, can we read on the grave of Carl Axel Carlson, who died in 1918 Spanish flu. It was his body, repatriated from the east coast of the United States, which had spread the deadly virus in the Bisbee area, at the time a prosperous mining town in Arizona. A century later, the town is now trembling in the face of the Covid-19 pandemic, which threatens its population of retirees and hippies as well as its tourist industry. The Spanish flu "came by train" with Carl Carlson, local historian Mike Anderson told AFP. The soldier had been sent back to Bisbee to be buried there and "two or three days later, he was already killing people", continues Mike Anderson, pointing to other graves dating from 1918 located around his own.” (AFP – 2020/07)

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