Kanji: 僧. Radical: 人. Number of strokes: 13. Meaning: “ Buddhist priest”. Pronunciation: ソウsō. Other form: 僧 .

Kanji: 寺. Radical: 寸. Number of strokes: 6. Meaning: “ Buddhist temple”. Pronunciation: ジ、てらji, tera.



Kandy is home of the Temple of the Tooth Relic, a sacred place of worship for Buddhism. (Sinhala lg, Sinhala wr or Tamil lg, Tamil wr)

Kandy abrite le temple de la relique de la dent, un lieu de culte sacré pour le bouddhisme.

What is the mouth? How to define it? From the plateau women of the Mursis to the blackened teeth of the ohaguro, from the filed teeth of the Pygmies to the tongue taken from the Maori hei-tiki, how has the mouth and its different attributes been considered? What place does it take in the relationship with others, linguistically, socially, emotionally? How do we consider it today?

Qu’est-ce que la bouche ? Comment la définir ? Des femmes à plateaux chez les Mursis à la dentition noircie de l’ohaguro, des dents limées chez les Pygmées à la langue tirée du hei-tiki maori, comment a-t-on considéré la bouche et ses différents attributs ? Quelle place prend-elle dans la relation aux autres, linguistique, sociale, affective… ? Comment la considérons-nous aujourd’hui ?

John Bosco – The Salesian Order

John Bosco (1815 - 1888) or Don Bosco – An Italian Roman Catholic priest and educator who dedicated his life to oppose the ill-effects of industrialization and urbanization. He founded the Salesian Order (Society of St Francis de Sales) to help poor children (see sdb.org). He conceived a method later known as the Salesian Preventive System. He is St. patron saint of Brasília, the capital of Brazil, which he is said to have foreseen in a prophecy.

Biwa houshi

Biwa houshi

Biwa hôshi 琵琶法師
Lute priests in Japan
Caretakers of the Tale of the Heike 平家物語

Playing the biwa 琵琶
A short-necked fretted lute
Instrument of Benten 弁才天
Buddhist goddess of music, eloquence, poetry, and education

Siddharta Gautama from the Shakyas clan

Siddharta Gautama (560 BCE / 480 BCE), from the Shakyas clan, attains "enlightenment" (bodhi). Buddhism will spread gradually throughout Asia (Indochina, China, Tibet, Korea, Japan ...).

Siddharta Gautama (- 560 / – 480), du clan des Shakyas, parvient à l’« éveil » (bodhi). Le bouddhisme va s’étendre progressivement à toute l’Asie (Indochine, Chine, Tibet, Corée, Japon…).



In Yunnan, the Dongba are the scholar priests of the Nakhi people. (Nashi lg, Dongba wr)

Dans le Yunnan, les Dongba sont les prêtres érudits du peuple Naxi.

What is knowledge? How to define it? How important has knowledge developed throughout human history? In what forms and in what contexts has knowledge been acquired and transmitted? How has ignorance been considered ? What do we know about the present world? How does digital technology accompany the sharing of knowledge? What new relationships to knowledge (collaborative - updated...) are we developing in the digital age? (to be completed)

Qu’est–ce que le savoir ? Comment le définir ? Comment le savoir s’inscrit–il tout au long de l’existence ? Quelle fut l’importance du savoir tout au long de l’histoire humaine ? Sous quelles formes et dans quels contextes a–t–on acquis et transmis le savoir ? Comment a–t–on considéré/combattu l’ignorance ? Que savons–nous du monde présent ? Comment le numérique accompagne–t–il le partage les savoirs ? Quelles nouvelles relations au savoir (collaboratif – actualisé…) se développent–elles à l’heure numérique ?... (à compléter)


The Indian caste system (Sanskrit varna वर्ण) comprised of four classes, namely: the Brahmins (priests), the Kshatriyas (rulers, administrators, warriors), the Vaishyas (artisans, merchants, tradesmen, farmers), and the Sudras (labouring classes meant to serve the three upper classes). Another important group of people are the Dalit, the Untouchables, as well as the tribal people, considered to be out of the system.

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Philosophie et spiritualité attachée à l’enseignement de Siddharta Gautama, prince du Nord-Est de l’Inde – S’appuie sur les Quatre Nobles Vérités.

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Mindar 「マインダー」 - The first android priest robot conceived in cooperation between the Koudaiji, a Buddhist temple in Kyoto, and Intelligent Robotics Laboratory.

Mindar 「マインダー」ー Le premier robot androïde destiné à la prêtrise conçu en coopération entre le Koudaiji, un temple bouddhiste de Kyoto, et Intelligent Robotics Laboratory (pour un coût d'1 million de dollars).



Kūkai 空海 (774–835)
Also known posthumously as Kōbō-Daishi 弘法大師
“The Grand Master Who Propagated the Buddhist Teaching”
Attributed with the invention of the kana syllabary

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