Kanji: 欧. Radical: 欠. Number of strokes: 8. Meaning: “ Europe”. Pronunciation: オウō. Other form: 歐.


The Celts – A large group of Indo-European peoples present in Europe and Anatolia speaking Celtic languages the Iron Age Hallstatt culture in central Europe (c. 800–450 BC), which has origins in Hallstatt, Austria and expanded during the later La Tène period (c. 450 BCE), Switzerland; More recently the insular Celtic culture diversified into Gaels (Irish, Scottish and Manx) and Celtic Britons (Welsh, Cornish, and Bretons).


Salafi movement or Salafism - A reform branch of Sunni Islam referring to the salaf, the first three generations of Muslims, which rooted roots in the 18th-century Wahhabi movement in Saudi Arabia, and emerged in the late 19th century in Al-Azhar Mosque in Egypt to oppose Western European imperialism. Supporting the Shariah, they reject innovations (bid'ah) and may be classified between quietists (avoiding politics), activists invested in political matters, and jihadists advocating armed struggle.

Back to Top