Kanji: 秘. Radical: 示. Number of strokes: 10. Meaning: “ secret”. Pronunciation: ヒ、ひ-めるhi, hi-meru. Other form: 祕.
Name: 汉字 Hàn Zì (Chinese characters)
Direction: In ancient times, written texts were read from top to bottom and right to left. Since the 1950s, texts more generally have been read from left to right (except for titles or specific works).
Creation: The creation of the Chinese scriptures is attributed to Cang Jie, minister of the Yellow Emperor. According to legend, Cang Jie possessed four eyes allowing him to see the secrets of heaven and earth. According to the Spring and Autumn Annals "when Cang Jie invented the characters, the sky rained millet and the evil spirits wept in the night". The first known examples of characters written in the evolved form were engraved on turtle bones and shells. These characters were first pictographic.
Complements: Chinese is the oldest of the great writing systems that has continued to evolve without interruption until the present day. / Traditionally, there are eight basic features to form a character.
The Sigi so is a secret language reserved for the society of masks among the Dogons. It tells the story of creation of the universe, human life, and the advent of death on the Earth.
Le sigi so est une langue réservée à la société des masques chez les Dogons. Il raconte l'histoire de la création de l'univers, de la vie humaine et de l'avènement de la mort sur Terre.
Qui est tenu hors de la connaissance d’autrui par des moyens diversement sophistiqués.Any suggestion, improvement…? Many thanks and please, contact us…
Name: The name of this alphabet, known as futhark, was given to it by the association of its first six letters, all of which had a particular function.
Creation: The Roman writer Tacitus (c. 55 - c. 120) wrote about the Scandinavian priests: "Their way of consulting fate is simple. They cut the branches of a tree bearing fruit and prune it into sticks, on which they make certain distinctive marks; they scatter them on a white cloth completely at random. Then the official priest (...) or the father of the family (...) addresses a prayer to the gods and three times takes a stick while looking at the sky. He interprets the sticks he has taken according to the mark engraved beforehand. "(quoted by February)
Complements: The word "rune" comes from the old Icelandic word runar, which means "secret".
“In 1975, six South American military dictatorships conspired to concoct a secret plan to eliminate their left-wing opponents. Not only would the intelligence services of Argentina, Bolivia, Brazil, Chile, Paraguay and Uruguay trade information with each other and kidnap, disappear and kill their own domestic foes, they would also cooperate in identifying and killing exiles from partner countries who had taken refuge elsewhere. By the time Operation Condor ended in the early 1980s, as many as 60,000 people may have been killed…” (lens.blogs.nytimes.com / Larry Rohter 2014/01)
“A ban on large funerals in South Africa has forced people to give up many traditions, but they have also rediscovered old ones, including "secret burials", as the BBC's Pumza Fihlani reports from Johannesburg. When a family is bereaved, people will travel long distances to attend both the funeral and the days of ritual in the run-up. These include repeatedly visiting the family at home to pay respects and to lend a helping hand with the preparations. Livestock also needs to be slaughtered in order to feed the anticipated guests, the cooking needs to be done, often at close quarters, and in rural areas, the grave needs to be dug, with people sometimes sharing the same pick and shovel. (…) In a bid to find an alternative and safer way to bury relatives, AmaMpondomise King Zwelozuko Matiwane issued a ban on all funeral services in his kingdom with the aim of re-introducing the ancient practice of ukuqhusheka, or secret burial. “When following this custom [of ukuqhusheka] this means people are called on to bury either on the same or the next day and with only those who were present at the time of passing,” he tells the BBC. “By returning to this ancient practice this would mean only immediate family members will able to bury a person. After the burial, the family would still be able to hold an intimate customary cleansing ceremony when they return from the burial site,” explains Mr Ranuga. These ceremonies are done through a ritual offering to cleanse the family of a “dark cloud of death”. They are usually private affairs with only close family present.” (AFP – 2020-08)