Chechen Republic

Chechen Republic or Chechnya (Чече́нская Респу́блика Chechénskaya Respúblika / in Chechen: Нохчийн Республика, Noxçiyn Respublika) – After the collapse of the Soviet Union, the Chechen-Ingush ASSR was divided in 1991 between the Republic of Ingushetia and the Chechen Republic. Looking for its independence and after the First Chechen War (1994 - 1996), the Chechen Republic of Ichkeria was proclaimed. With the Second Chechen War (1999 - 2009), Russia restored its control. Mainly Muslims (Sufis, of either the Qadiri or Naqshbandi orders), the Chechens were converted to Islam between the 16th and the 19th centuries.

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