deq

deq

“Deq,
A traditional tattoo
Having crossed the ages
It’s transmitted like a torch from mother to Kurdish daughter.
A maternal bond which is reflected through the creation,
Deq is a fascinating mixture of breast milk, an animal’s bladder and soot.
Deq, marks a rite of passage from the status of daughter to mother,
Even though it’s somewhat forgotten today,
Kurdish women of previous centuries ensured that it brought forth the deepest desires of men…”


« Deq, un tatouage traditionnel
Ayant traversé les époques
Se transmettant tel un flambeau de mère en fille kurde.

Un lien maternel qui se reflète jusqu’à sa composition,
Deq n’est-il pas le nom de l’encre qui compose le tatouage,
Un fascinant mélange de lait maternel, de vessie animale et de suie de fumée.

Deq, pour marquer un rite de passage du statut de fille à mère,
Car si son usage est aujourd’hui quelque peu délaissé,
Les femmes kurdes des siècles précédents assureront
Qu’il faisait jaillir le désir du plus profond des hommes… »

Proposed by

Kurds

Kurds - An ethnic and linguistic group living in of Iran, Iraq, Turkey and Syria as well as in different communities abroad. The geographic region generally referred to as Kurdistan (which means “Land of the Kurds”). Even if they are mainly of Sunni Islam (Shafi‘i school), many Kurds also practice Shia Islam and Alevism, and some groups are adherents of Yarsanism, Yazidism, Zoroastrianism or Christianity. Their political situation was expected to get better with the Treaty of Sevres making provision for a Kurdish state. But this was nullified by the Treaty of Lausanne leading to many instability and conflicts and the impossibility to assess the complete recognition of their identity. They speak Kurdish languages but because of their situation, are often bilingual or multilingual.


Kurdes

Kurdes - Groupe ethnique et linguistique vivant en Iran, Irak, Turquie et Syrie, ainsi que dans différentes communautés à l'étranger. La région géographique est généralement appelée Kurdistan (ce qui signifie « Terre des Kurdes »). Même s'ils se revendiquent principalement de l'islam sunnite (école chaféite), de nombreux Kurdes pratiquent également l'islam chiite et l'alévisme, et certains groupes sont adeptes du yarsanisme, du yézidisme, du zoroastrisme ou encore du christianisme. Leur situation politique aurait dû s'améliorer avec le Traité de Sèvres qui prévoyait la création d'un État kurde. Mais cela a été annulé par le Traité de Lausanne, ce qui a entraîné de nombreux conflits et instabilités et l'impossibilité d’établir une reconnaissance complète de leur identité. Les Kurdes parlent des langues dites également kurdes mais en raison de leur situation, sont souvent bilingues ou multilingues.

Alevism – A branch of Shi’a Islam in Turkey and the Balkans

Alevism is a branch of Shi’a Islam that is practiced in Turkey and the Balkans among ethnic Turks and Kurds, and is related to—though distinct from—Alawism in Syria. Alevis make up 20% of Turkish Muslims and comprise Turkey’s largest religious minority community. Alevism emerged in Turkey during the 10th century. (…) Alevism is also strongly influenced by Sufism, and maintains close connections with the Safavi and later Bektashi Sufi orders, and its organization closely mirrors Sufi brotherhoods, led by dedes instead of a Sufi sheikh. However, Turkish Alevism also contains traces of Buddhism, Manichaeism, Zoroastrianism and Shamanism and rejects some basic tenets considered to be normative in Islam, such as the pilgrimage to Mecca, the five daily prayers, and fasting during Ramadan. Alevis gather for religious services in cemevis instead of mosques, which are not recognized by the Turkish government.

- THE RELIGIOUS LITERACY PROJECT (rlp.hds.harvard.edu)

Mustafa Kemal Atatürk

Mustafa Kemal Atatürk (1881 - 1938) was the founder and first president of the Republic of Turkey from 1923 to 1938. A national hero at the Battle of the Dardanelles, refusing the defeat and collapse that followed the end of the Ottoman Empire during World War I, he successively defeated foreign armies and was awarded the title of "Gazi" ("The Victorious"). He moved the capital from Istanbul to Ankara and his main task was to westernize the country: secularism entered the constitution, Islam no longer being considered the official religion, he replaced the Arabic alphabet with the Latin alphabet and gave women the right to vote. Hisstrong position and unfailing support enabled him to renegotiate the Treaty of Sèvres (1920) which was in favour of Armenians, Kurds and Greeks, the Treaty of Lausanne (1923) ratifying most of his demands with major consequences for the populations concerned.


Mustafa Kemal Atatürk

Mustafa Kemal Atatürk (1881 - 1938) est le fondateur et le premier président de la République de Turquie de 1923 à 1938. Héros national lors de la Bataille des Dardanelles, refusant la défaite et l’écroulement consécutifs à la fin de l’Empire Ottoman et de ses positions durant la 1ère Guerre Mondiale, il défait successivement les armées étrangères et reçoit le titre de « Gazi » (« Le victorieux »). Il déplace la capitale d’Istanbul à Ankara et sa principale tâche va être d’occidentaliser le pays : la laïcité entre dans la constitution, l'islam n’étant plus considéré comme religion officielle, il remplace l’alphabet arabe par l’alphabet latin, il donne le droit de vote aux femmes. Sa position forte, le soutien indéfectible dont il dispose, lui permettent de renégocier le Traité de Sèvres (1920) favorable aux Arméniens, Kurdes et Grecs, le traité de Lausanne (1923) entérinant la plupart de ses exigences avec des conséquences majeures sur les populations concernées.

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