Maya calendars - A system of calendars consisting of several cycles (counts) of different lengths with the Tzolkin, a 260-day count and the Haabʼ, a 365-day count. Both form a synchronized cycle lasting for 52 Haabʼ: the Calendar Round. Used by pre-Columbian Mesoamerica and by modern groups in the Guatemalan highlands.
Calendriers mayas - Un système de calendriers consistant en plusieurs cycles (comptes) de différentes longueurs avec le Tzolkin, un compte de 260 jours et le Haabʼ, un compte de 365 jours. Les deux forment un cycle synchronisé d'une durée de 52 Haab'. Utilisé en Méso-Amérique précolombienne ainsi que par des groupes contemporains figurant sur les hauts plateaux guatémaltèques.Any suggestion, improvement…? Many thanks and please, contact us…
The Tzolkin consisted of 20 periods each with 13 days for a 260-day count. Day names - 01: Imix, 02: Ik’, 03: Akʼbʼal, 04: K’an, 05: Chikchan…. The word tzolkʼin means "division of days”.
“Each day had a number and a name, the numbers from 1 to 13 and 20 day names. When the 13 numbers were gone through, they began again, and the 20 day names continued. When the day names were gone through, they repeated, and the numbers continued up to 13. The cycles of 13 and 20 repeated until they came back to the first number, first name again in 260 days. The priests who kept the calendars used the Tzolkin to determine days for sowing and harvest, military triumphs, religious ceremonies and divination.” (historyonthenet.com)
The solar calendar or Haab consisted of 18 months of 20 days each, which adds up to 360 days, plus an additional month of five days at the end of the year known as the Wayeb. Each day is represented by a number in the month followed by the name of the month.
Wayeb is a period of five days additional to the 18 months of Maya calendar (360 days), said to be dangerous and detrimental to the people, usually staying home and avoiding any activity at risk during this time.