Salafi movement or Salafism - A reform branch of Sunni Islam referring to the salaf, the first three generations of Muslims, which rooted roots in the 18th-century Wahhabi movement in Saudi Arabia, and emerged in the late 19th century in Al-Azhar Mosque in Egypt to oppose Western European imperialism. Supporting the Shariah, they reject innovations (bid'ah) and may be classified between quietists (avoiding politics), activists invested in political matters, and jihadists advocating armed struggle.
Ansar Dine or Ansar Eddine (أنصار الدين, ʾAnṣār ad-Dīn) - A militant Salafist and Jihadist group founded in 2012 and led by Iyad Ag Ghaly, a leader of the Tuareg Rebellion (1990–1995) and the cousin of AQIM commander, Hamada Ag Hama. Its main objective is to impose strict Sharia law across Mali.
Al-Qaeda in the Islamic Maghreb or AQIM – A militant Salafist and Jihadist group founded in 2007 whose purpose is to establish a Caliphate ruled by a strict application of the Shariah.