Damascus (Ancient City of)

Damascus (Ancient City of)

"Founded in the 3rd millennium B.C., Damascus is one of the oldest cities in the Middle East. In the Middle Ages, it was the centre of a flourishing craft industry, specializing in swords and lace. The city has some 125 monuments from different periods of its history – one of the most spectacular is the 8th-century Great Mosque of the Umayyads, built on the site of an Assyrian sanctuary." (whc.unesco.org) - UNESCO World Heritage (1979).


Damas (Ancienne ville de)

"Fondée au IIIe millénaire av. J.-C., c'est l'une des plus anciennes villes du Moyen-Orient. Au Moyen Âge, Damas était le centre d'une industrie artisanale florissante (sabres et dentelles). Parmi les 125 monuments des différentes périodes de son histoire, la Grande Mosquée des Omeyyades du VIIIe siècle, édifiée sur le site d'un sanctuaire assyrien, est l'un des plus spectaculaires." (whc.unesco.org) - Patrimoine mondial de l'UNESCO (1979)

Sultan Ahmed Mosque

Sultan Ahmed Mosque (Sultan Ahmet Camii) or Blue Mosque – A mosque located in Istanbul next to the Hagia Sophia. It was erected between 1609 and 1616 during the rule of Ahmed I – Its surname comes from its hand-painted blue tiles – It is known for its five main and eight secondary domes, six minarets.

Urartu

Urartu Ուրարտու - Kingdom constituted around the IX century BCE on the Armenian Highlands to resist Assyria - Ended in 609 BCE, succeeded by the Armenians - Its center was around Lake Van. (other name: Biainili).


Urartu

Urartu Ուրարտու - Royaume constitué vers le IX siècle av. J.-C. sur le haut-plateau arménien pour résister à l'Assyrie - Prendra fin en 609 av. J.-C. succédé par les Arméniens - Son centre se trouvait autour du lac de Van. (autre nom : Biaineli).

Umayyads

Umayyads

Umayyads الأمويون or The Banu Umayya بَنُو أُمَيَّة‎ – The first hereditary and ruling family of the caliphate between 661 and 750 – Its capital was Damascus in Syria – When the Abbasid Revolution overthrew them, some of them who escaped founded the Umayyad Emirate (then Caliphate) of Córdoba between 756 and 1031.


Omeyyades الأمويون - Première dynastie héréditaire et dirigeante du califat ayant régné entre 661 et 750 - Sa capitale était Damas en Syrie - Lorsque la révolution abbasside les renversa, certains d'entre eux s'échappèrent pour fonder l’Emirat puis le Caliphat omeyyade de Cordoue entre 756 et 1031 .

Ibn al-Nafis

Ibn al-Nafis (1213-1288) علاء الدين أبو الحسن عليّ بن أبي حزم القرشي الدمشقي – An Arab physician from Damascus who described the pulmonary circulation of the blood, challenging the theories of Galen and Ibn Sina, and predating the work of William Harvey (1628). He published more than 110 volumes.

Hagia Sophia

Hagia Sophia

Hagia Sophia Αγία Σοφία – Located in present Istanbul, Turkey – A Greek Orthodox Christian patriarchal cathedral, built in CE 537, the seat of the Ecumenical Patriarch of Constantinople – Considered as an engineering marvel of its time - Converted into a mosque by the Ottoman Empire in 1453 – Became a museum in 1935. UNESCO World Heritage Site – 1985. Converted again to a mosque in 2020.


Hagia Sophia Αγία Σοφία – Auj. situés à Istanbul en Turquie - Cathédrale chrétienne orthodoxe grecque construite en l'an 537 après J.-C., siège du patriarcat œcuménique de Constantinople - Considérée comme une merveille technique de son temps – Convertie en mosquée par l'Empire Ottoman en 1453 – Devenue musée en 1935 – Patrimoine mondial de l'UNESCO – 1985. Reconverti en mosquée en 2020.

Syria

Syria

Syria is a country in Asia. Its capital is: Damascus. Its official language is: Arabic . Its currency is: Syrian Pound.

Code: SY | SYR
FR: Syrie
DE: Syrien
IT: Siria
ES: Siria
ZH: 叙利亚
PI: xùlìyǎ
JA: シリア
RO: Tajikisutan
Capital: Damascus
Back to Top