jiéqì (24)

“The sky is divided into 24 segments or jiéqì (节气) based on the seasons of the year. The earliest calendars assumed that the motion of the sun was constant and divided the year into 24 segments with equal numbers of days. This method is called píngqì (平气). Because the motion of the sun is not consistent, this was found to be inaccurate. The calendar then changed to a method where the ecliptic (the path of the sun as seen from earth) was divided into 24 equal parts of 15 degrees. This method is called dìngqì (定气). Calendars from the Warring States Period through the Ming Dynasty used the pingqi method in their designs and only changed to the more accurate dingqi method during the Qing Dynasty.” (source: hua.umf.maine.edu)

The 24 jiéqì 节气 consist of the succession of 立春 Lì chūn "Beginning of spring" (Spring festival), 雨水 Yǔ shuĭ "Rain water", 惊蛰 Jīng zhé "Waking of insects", 春分 Chūn fēn "Spring equinox" (March 21), 清明 Qīng míng "Pure brightness", etc.

Guerewol – A courtship ritual

Guerewol – A courtship ritual

“In-gali, in Niger, is a festival town. At the end of the rainy season, different nomadic peoples (including the Tuaregs) gather there for the “Cure salée”, an important salt market that lasts several weeks. On this occasion, the Woodabe hold the Guerewol, a courtship ritual where men try to woo a jury of young women.
To impress the jury, men will have to show off their best assets and for the Woodabe, that means being tall, having white eyes and teeth and knowing how to bust a move in the traditional song and line-dancing: the yaake. On the day of the performance, men wear elaborate headpieces complete with feathers to make themselves look taller.
Their faces will be painted with red, yellow or white and their lips and eyes contoured in black to emphasize the eyes and teeth Then, the yaake will begin. The yaake is as important as the dress and make-up: it will show how the men can carry themselves, a way to judge of their elegance. During the dance, the contestants will also heavily roll their eyes and show their teeth in the hope that they will be noticed.
The ultimate winner is designated by three women chosen by the elders and the lucky guy has his pick of a love partner but other women also have their pick. The rest of the week-long festival is dedicated to clan meetings, marriage negotiations, and other social events.” (flockeo.com/en/guerewol-niger/)

Kanji: 泉. Radical: 水. Number of strokes: 9. Meaning: “ spring”. Pronunciation: セン、いずみsen, izumi.

thanaka

Thanaka - Cosmetic paste used for a long time in Burma to cover certain parts of the body (face, arm). It is attributed various virtues including the protection of the skin against the sun, a feeling of freshness, etc.


Thanaka - Pâte cosmétique utilisée de longue date en Birmanie pour couvrir certaines parties du corps (visage, bras). On lui attribue diverses vertus incluant la protection de la peau contre le soleil, une sensation de fraîcheur, etc.

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Enkutatash


Enkutatash

Enkutatash (Ge'ez: እንቁጣጣሽ) - The first day of the New Year in Ethiopia and Eritrea, more or less corresponding to the end of the "rainy season" - It is associated with the return of the Queen of Sheba to Ethiopia after her visit to King Solomon in Jerusalem in ca. 980 BCE.


Enkutatash (Ge'ez: እንቁጣጣሽ) - Le premier jour du Nouvel An en Éthiopie et en Érythrée correspondant plus ou moins à la fin de la "saison des pluies" - Il est associé au retour de la reine de Saba en Éthiopie après sa visite au roi Salomon à Jérusalem vers 980 av.J.-C.

Sun’s mass

The Sun has a mass about 333,000 times that of Earth.


Le Soleil a une masse environ 333 000 fois supérieure à celle de la Terre.

132/200assembly

Every two years, the traditional ritual of the Bamoun Kingdom, named ‘nguon’, is held in the city of Foumban. (Bamoun lg, Bamoun wr)


Tous les deux ans, le rituel traditionnel du Royaume de Bamoun, nommé «nguon», a lieu dans la ville de Foumban.

What does "assembling" mean? How do living things assemble? With what rules - or not? What do human beings place in them in terms of purpose, need, power?? How is the digital world changing the game? What can we expect from the new assemblies in relation to the challenges of our time? ... (to be completed)

Que signifie "s'assembler" ? Comment les êtres vivants s'assembent-ils ? Avec quelles règles - ou non ? Qu'y placent les êtres humains en termes de finalités, de besoin, de pouvoir... ? Comment le numérique change-t-il la donne ? Que peut-on attendre des nouvelles assemblées par rapport aux défis de notre temps ? ... (à compléter)

nuit

Moment durant lequel la lumière du soleil est absente en raison du mouvement des astres.

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Epagomenal days & the Fear

"It is believed that the Egyptians greatly feared these days due to the prevalence of plague and disease, attributed to the wanderers (SmAjw) and slaughterers (xAtjw) of the goddess, Sekhmet, which were particularly rife at the end of the calendar year. Magical texts, such as the Book of the Last Day of the Year on Papyrus Leiden I 346, were recited in order to pacify the goddess, and rituals were performed, for example, the application of linen bandages inscribed with certain deities to the throat to ward off the effects of plague." (source: egyptianaemporium.wordpress.com)

edifice

103/200edifice

The construction of the stone buildings of the Great Zimbabwe starting in the 11th century, continued for over 300 years. (Shona lg)


La construction des bâtiments en pierre du Grand Zimbabwe à partir du XIe siècle s'est poursuivie pendant plus de 300 ans.

What is a building? How to define it? Egyptian or Mayan pyramids, the citadel of Sacsayhuamán, Moroccan adobe houses, the Great Wall of China, the Scandinavian Stavkirke, what has been the place of buildings throughout human history? How do they bear witness to the state of evolution of techniques, trades and societies? How does digital technology lead us to rethink the idea of building?... (to be completed)

Qu’est-ce qu’un édifice ? Comment le définir ? Pyramides égyptiennes ou mayas, citadelle de Sacsayhuamán, maisons en pisé marocaines, Grande Muraille de Chine, Stavkirke scandinave, quelle a été la place des édifices tout au long de l’histoire humaine ? Comment témoignent-ils de l’état d’évolution des techniques, des métiers, et des sociétés ? Comment le numérique amène à repenser l’idée d’édifice ?... (à compléter)

Joya no kane

Joya no kane

Joya no kane 除夜の鐘 – A Japanese ceremony that takes place in the New Year’s eve with a bell that's rung 108 times to usher in the New Year.


Joya no kane 除夜の鐘 - Une cérémonie japonaise qui a lieu la veille du nouvel an caractérisée par les 108 coups d’une cloche qui sonne pour marquer le début de la nouvelle année.

sun

Central star in the planetary system to which the Earth belongs providing the energy necessary for life. Has been the subject of many cults and beliefs throughout the history of mankind. Often associated with the moon in its symbolic representation.


soleil

Etoile centrale au système planétaire auquel appartient la Terre fournissant l'énergie nécessaire à la vie. A fait l'objet de nombreux cultes et croyances tout au long de l'histoire de l'humanité. Souvent associé à la lune dans sa représentation symbolique.

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Australian Aboriginal Flag – Origin & meaning

The Australian Aboriginal Flag was designed in 1971 by Harold Thomas for the land rights movement - Then it became a symbol of the Australian Aboriginal people. The colors are said to represent: the Aboriginal people of Australia (black); the Sun, giver of life and protector (yellow); the earth (red).

Monsoon – Etymology

The word "monsoon" comes from the Arabic mawsim meaning "season" (موسم). The Chinese 季风 jìfēng indicates a 季 "seasonal" 风 "wind".


Le mot mousson » vient de l'arabe mawsim signifiant « saison » (موسم). Le chinois 季风 jìfēng indique quant à lui un风 « vent » 季 « saisonnier ».

hiver

Une saison de l’année, généralement caractérisée par le froid en attendant le retour d’un climat plus doux.

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[50 morning thoughts… 23/50]

[50 morning thoughts… 23/50]

“Do not hurry in anything because speed is a wrong advisor and the time comes soon enough. Do not wait for the advanced hours of the day to take off because it is in the morning of life that the momentum must be given.”


[50 pensées matinales… 23/50]

« Ne te dépêche en rien car la vitesse est mauvaise conseillère et l’heure vient assez tôt. N’attends pas pour autant les heures avancées du jour pour prendre ton envol car c’est au matin de la vie que l’élan doit être donné. »

Kanji: 空. Radical: 穴. Number of strokes: 8. Meaning: “ sky”. Pronunciation: クウ、そら、あ-く、あ-ける、からkū, sora, a-ku, a-keru, kara.

lever du soleil

Moment durant lequel le soleil apparaît à l’horizon, moment primitif à toute journée porteur de la promesse de son accomplissement .

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Haab

The solar calendar or Haab consisted of 18 months of 20 days each, which adds up to 360 days, plus an additional month of five days at the end of the year known as the Wayeb. Each day is represented by a number in the month followed by the name of the month.

Kael


Kael

Ka'el - An annual contest in the Bodi tribe (Ethiopia), which takes place on the New Year, aims to designate the biggest man of the community.


Kael - Un concours annuel chez les Bodi (Éthiopie), qui a lieu au nouvel an, vise à désigner l’homme le plus corpulent parmi tous les villages.

insect

031/200insect

Anton Janša (1734 – 1773) is a Slovenian painter and apiarist, pioneer of modern apiculture. (Slovene lg, Latin wr)


Anton Janša (1734 - 1773) est un peintre et apiculteur slovène, pionnier de l'apiculture moderne.

What's a bug? How to define it? Beetles, lepidoptera, hymenoptera... how to classify them? From Chuangzi's butterfly dream to rainbow butterflies, from Egyptian beetles to the Gurung's honey hunt, how to welcome its continuous, universal presence? (to be completed)

Qu’est-ce qu’un insecte ? Comment le définir ? Coléoptères, lépidoptères, hyménoptères… comment les classifier ? Du rêve de papillon de Chuangzi aux papillons arc-en-ciel, des scarabées égyptiens à la chasse du miel des Gurung, comment en accueillir la présence continue, universelle ? (à compléter)

rainstick

rainstick

Rainstick (Palo de Agua) - A tube with small pebbles or beans falling inside while making a sound of rain… said to have been invented by the Mapuches.


bâton de pluie

Bâton de pluie (Palo de Agua) - Un tube avec des petits cailloux ou des haricots qui tombent à l'intérieur tout en émettant un son de pluie… - Aurait été inventé par les Mapuches.

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