Yayoi Matsuri


Yayoi Matsuri

For 1,200 years the city of Nikko 日光
Beckons the spring
With Yayoi Matsuri 弥生祭
Held in Futarasan-jinja 二荒山神社
As a fleet of portable shrines (神輿 mikoshi)
Each of them representing a district
Are decorated in artificial cherry blossoms

Martenitsa


Martenitsa

Martenitsa мартеница (Bulgaria) or Mărțișor (Romania) - A custom welcoming the spring through a piece of adornment, made of white and red yarn - Intangible Cultural Heritage of Humanity 2017.


Martenitsa мартеница (Bulgarie) ou Mărțișor (Roumanie) - Une coutume accueillant le printemps à travers une pièce de parure en fils blancs et rouges - Patrimoine culturel immatériel de l'humanité 2017.

ahu

Stone platforms in Rapa Nui esp. dedicated - Ahu Tongariki is the largest one with presently (it has been restored) fifteen moai. Others include: Ahu Akivi, Ahu Huri a Urenga, Ahu Nau Nau, Ahu Tahai, etc.


ahu

Plateformes de pierre à Rapa Nui, notamment celles de Ahu Tongariki, la plus grande avec auj. 15 moai (elle a été restaurée). Parmi les autres : Ahu Akivi, Ahu Huri a Urenga, Ahu Nau Nau, Ahu Tahai, etc.

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year

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Nowruz نوروز‎ is the Iranian New Year's Day, marking the beginning of spring. (Persian lg, Persian wr)


Nowruz نوروز est le jour du nouvel an iranien, marquant le début du printemps.

What is a year? How to define it? How does it fit into a lunar or solar cycle, or even a mixture of the two? How do we perceive the duration of a year and its renewal in terms of activity, ageing, life project? How do longer periods, decades, centuries (of varying length), have a particular meaning? (to be completed)

Qu’est-ce qu’une année ? Comment la définir ? Comment s’inscrit-elle dans un cycle lunaire, solaire, voire un mélange des deux ? Comment percevons-nous la durée d’une année et son renouvellement en termes d’activité, de vieillissement, de projet de vie ? Comment des périodes plus longues, décennies, siècles (de durée variable), ont-elles une signification particulière ?... (à compléter)

moai

Moai - Monolithic human figures carved by the Rapa Nui people on Easter Island - moʻai, means “statue” in Rapa nui. The complete name is Moai Aringa Ora, which means “living face of the ancestors“. “They stand with their backs to the sea and are believed by most archaeologists to represent the spirits of ancestors, chiefs, or other high-ranking males who held important positions in the history of Easter Island.” (pbs.org)

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Kanji: 泉. Radical: 水. Number of strokes: 9. Meaning: “ spring”. Pronunciation: セン、いずみsen, izumi.

Makemake in Rapa Nui…

“On Rapanui (Easter Island) people believed in a variety of god or 'atua' Most prominent among the 'atua' was the Creator God, Makemake, who was a 'birdman'. Makemake was born from a floating skull that was washed from a temple into the sea. He created the first humans. Together with his companion, the goddess Haua, he brought flocks of migratory seabirds to the island.
As well as the creator of mankind and Makemake was also regarded patron of the Bird Cult, the principal festival of Easter Island, and was worshipped in the form of sea birds, which were considered his incarnation. His material symbol, a man with a bird's head, can be found carved in hundreds of petroglyphs on Easter Island, human figures with the heads and tails of birds, into the rocks. He was the god of fertility and the chief god of the “Tangata manu” or bird-man cult (this cult succeeded the islands more famous Moai era, when the famous stone heads were carved).” (astrology.richardbrown.com)

 

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The moai represent the most important pieces of Rapa Nui culture and art. (Rapa Nui lg, Rongorongo wr)


Les moai représentent les éléments les plus importants de la culture et de l'art Rapa Nui.

What is culture? How to define it? How do cultures appear? How are they constituted? How do they evolve? How do they disappear? How are customs and traditions established? How did prohibitions and taboos appear? How can we consider cultures in all their diversity? How does the digital world defend - or not - cultures?? (to be completed)

Qu’est-ce que la culture ? Comment la définir ? Comment apparaissent les cultures ? Comment se constituent-elles ? Comment évoluent-elles ? Comment disparaissent-elles ? Comment s’y sont fixées les coutumes et traditions ? Comment sont apparus les interdits, les tabous ? Comment considérer les cultures dans toute leur diversité ? Comment le numérique défend–il – ou non – les cultures ?... ?... (à compléter)

175/200beauty

In Niger, Guerewol is a ritual competition among handsome young men from Wodaabee Fula people judged by women. (Fula lg)


Au Niger, Guerewol est une compétition rituelle entre de beaux jeunes hommes de Wodaabee Fula jugés par des femmes.

What is beauty? What is ‘ugliness’? How to define them? Can something even be ugly? What are the criterias for beauty and who made them up? How was the relationship to beauty expressed? How do societies and individuals set standards for it? What place does beauty occupy in human history? How important is it to the digital world? (to be completed)

Qu’est-ce que la beauté ? Qu’est-ce que la laideur ? Comment les définir ? Est-ce que quelque chose peut même être laid ? Quels sont les critères de beauté et qui les a inventés ? Comment s’est exprimée la relation à la beauté ? Comment les sociétés et les individus en fixent-ils les normes ? Quelle place la beauté occupe-t-elle dans l’histoire de l’humanité ? Quelle importance lui accorde le numérique ? (à compléter)

Kanji: 春. Radical: 日. Number of strokes: 9. Meaning: “ springtime”. Pronunciation: シュン、はるshun, haru.

Kawabata Yasunari

Kawabata Yasunari

Yasunari Kawabata 川端 康成(1899 –1972)
Born in Osaka
Nobel Prize for Literature in 1968

For his Nobel lecture, he started by quoting Dogen (1200-1253)
“In the spring, cherry blossoms, in the summer the cuckoo.
In autumn the moon, and in winter the snow, clear, cold.”
“Japan, The Beautiful and Myself” 美しい日本の私―その序説

compétition

Situation de confrontation dans un cadre officiel ou non entre deux entités, groupes, équipes, notamment dans un cadre sportif, visant à définir qui en est le vainqueur.

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jiéqì (24)

“The sky is divided into 24 segments or jiéqì (节气) based on the seasons of the year. The earliest calendars assumed that the motion of the sun was constant and divided the year into 24 segments with equal numbers of days. This method is called píngqì (平气). Because the motion of the sun is not consistent, this was found to be inaccurate. The calendar then changed to a method where the ecliptic (the path of the sun as seen from earth) was divided into 24 equal parts of 15 degrees. This method is called dìngqì (定气). Calendars from the Warring States Period through the Ming Dynasty used the pingqi method in their designs and only changed to the more accurate dingqi method during the Qing Dynasty.” (source: hua.umf.maine.edu)

The 24 jiéqì 节气 consist of the succession of 立春 Lì chūn "Beginning of spring" (Spring festival), 雨水 Yǔ shuĭ "Rain water", 惊蛰 Jīng zhé "Waking of insects", 春分 Chūn fēn "Spring equinox" (March 21), 清明 Qīng míng "Pure brightness", etc.

Law of Jante

Law of Jante - Set of principles of conduct that the Danish-Norwegian writer Aksel Sandemose formulated in 1933 in his novel 'A fugitive crosses his tracks ' and which, according to him, would be quite characteristic of the behavior of his compatriots. Extending the idea to the whole of Scandinavia, it emphasizes the primacy of the collective over the individual, the co-operation on the competition, and can arouse acceptance or rejection, according to our idea of what a society is or should be, and our possible ways to interact within its limits. Statement of the law:

1. Skal ikke tro of the noget! - You must not believe that you are someone special!
2. skal ikke tro du lige meget som os! - You must not believe that you are worth as much as us!
3. Skal ikke tro er kloger in bone! - You must not think you're smarter than we are!
4. Ikke skate innbille dig at bone er bones! - You must not imagine that you are better than us!
5. The skal ikke tro of the Ved mother in bone! - You must not believe that you know better than us!
6. Skal ikke tro from mother to mother! - You must not believe that you are more than us!
7. Skal ikke tro at dug til noget! - You must not believe that you are capable of anything!
8. Skal ikke grine afos! - You must not laugh at us!
9. Skal ikke tro at nogen kan lige dig! - You must not believe that someone is interested / worried about you!
10. Skal ikke tro from kan lære os noget! - You must not believe that you can teach us anything!

"The concept of Janteloven is intertwined in the fabric of Danish Culture/Society. From early years children are taught to honour collaboration over competition. The education system teaches to the middle of the class and encourages group work and cooperative learning. The social systems of the state stress the right to be taken care as a group regardless of social status. No one is better than the next guy. » cité par Charon Jernice Austin – Tapping into my soul (from Denmark for Foreign Students – Ed. Copenhague Business School Press – 1999)


Loi de Jante

Ensemble de principes de conduite que l'écrivain dano-norvégien Aksel Sandemose a formulé en 1933 dans son roman Un fugitif recoupe ses traces et qui, selon lui, serait assez caractéristique du comportement de ses compatriotes, tout en étendant l’idée à l’ensemble de la Scandinavie. Elle met en avant la primauté du collectif sur l’individuel, la coopération sur la compétition. Peut susciter l’adhésion ou le rejet, selon l’idée que l’on se fait de la société et de nos possibles manières d’être.

Enoncé de la loi :
1. Du skal ikke tro du er noget ! - Tu ne dois pas croire que tu es quelqu'un de spécial !
2. Du skal ikke tro du er lige meget som os ! - Tu ne dois pas croire que tu vaux autant que nous !
3. Du skal ikke tro du er kloger en os ! - Tu ne dois pas croire que tu es plus malin/sage que nous !
4. Du skal ikke innbille dig at du er bedre en os ! - Tu ne dois pas t'imaginer que tu es meilleur que nous !
5. Du skal ikke tro du ved mere en os ! - Tu ne dois pas croire que tu sais mieux que nous !
6. Du skal ikke tro du er mere en os ! - Tu ne dois pas croire que tu es plus que nous !
7. Du skal ikke tro at du duger til noget ! - Tu ne dois pas croire que tu es capable de quoi que ce soit !
8. Du skal ikke grine af os ! - Tu ne dois pas rire de nous !
9. Du skal ikke tro at nogen kan lige dig ! - Tu ne dois pas croire que quelqu'un s'intéresse/s'inquiète à ton sujet !
10. Du skal ikke tro du kan lære os noget ! - Tu ne dois pas croire que tu peux nous apprendre quelque chose !

(«... Le concept de Janteloven est imbriqué dans le tissu de la culture ou de la société danoise. Dès les premières années, les enfants apprennent à préférer la collaboration à la compétition. Le système éducatif enseigne au milieu de la classe et encourage le travail en groupe et l'apprentissage coopératif. Les systèmes sociaux de l'état soulignent le droit d'être pris en charge en tant que groupe indépendamment du statut social. Personne n'est meilleur qu’un autre. » Cité par Charon Jernice Austin - Tapping into my soul (à partir de Le Danemark pour les étudiants étrangers - Ed. Copenhague Business School Press - 1999)...»)

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