(or Cuzco) A city in southeastern Peru, near the Urubamba Valley of the Andes mountain range. Known as the historic capital of the Inca Empire from the 13th century until the 16th-century - A World Heritage Site by UNESCO 1983.

Etym. Cusco

Etym. Used in Quechua, but of Aymara origin, the term seems to refer to the “Rock of the Owl”. A legend attests that Ayar Awqa (Ayar Auca) acquired wings and flew towards the site of the future city - There he took the form of a rock in order to mark the possession of the land by his ayllu, his “Lineage”.

Etym. Utilisé en quechua, d’origine aymara, le terme renverrait au « Rocher du hibou »). Une légende atteste en effet que Ayar Awqa (Ayar Auca) aurait acquis des ailes et se serait envolé vers le site de la future ville – Là il aurait pris forme d’un rocher afin de marquer la possession de la terre par son ayllu, sa « lignée ».

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