thanaka

Thanaka - Cosmetic paste used for a long time in Burma to cover certain parts of the body (face, arm). It is attributed various virtues including the protection of the skin against the sun, a feeling of freshness, etc.


Thanaka - Pâte cosmétique utilisée de longue date en Birmanie pour couvrir certaines parties du corps (visage, bras). On lui attribue diverses vertus incluant la protection de la peau contre le soleil, une sensation de fraîcheur, etc.

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lever du soleil

Moment durant lequel le soleil apparaît à l’horizon, moment primitif à toute journée porteur de la promesse de son accomplissement .

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sun

Central star in the planetary system to which the Earth belongs providing the energy necessary for life. Has been the subject of many cults and beliefs throughout the history of mankind. Often associated with the moon in its symbolic representation.


soleil

Etoile centrale au système planétaire auquel appartient la Terre fournissant l'énergie nécessaire à la vie. A fait l'objet de nombreux cultes et croyances tout au long de l'histoire de l'humanité. Souvent associé à la lune dans sa représentation symbolique.

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masonjoany

Masonjoany - Sakalava women's beauty mask in Madagascar made from sandalwood. Very used against the burning of the sun.


masonjoany

Masonjoany - Masque de beauté des femmes Sakalava à Madagascar fabriqué à partir du bois de santal. Très utilisé contre la brûlure du soleil.

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day (2)

Period of one day between sunrise and sunset - Light accompanying it.


journée

Période d’un jour s’écoulant entre le lever et le coucher du soleil - Lumière l'accompagnant.

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Sun’s diameter

The Sun has a diameter of approximately 1,391,000 kilometers (864,000 miles).


Le Soleil a un diamètre d’environ 1 391 000 kilomètres (864 000 milles).

Sun’s mass

The Sun has a mass about 333,000 times that of Earth.


Le Soleil a une masse environ 333 000 fois supérieure à celle de la Terre.

Sun Dance – Blackfoots

"The Blackfoots most important spiritual ceremony is the Sun Dance. Taking place over eight days in the summer, it is also known as the Medicine Lodge Ceremony. It centers around dancing, singing, prayer and fasting, and the buffalo is the highlight of the ceremony. The ceremony was deemed illegal from the 1890s until 1934, when it was restored." (thevintagenews.com)


"La cérémonie spirituelle la plus importante des Blackfoots est la danse du soleil, se déroulant sur huit jours en été. Il se concentre sur la danse, le chant, la prière et le jeûne, et le buffle est le clou de la cérémonie. La cérémonie a été jugée illégale à partir des années 1890 jusqu'en 1934, date à laquelle elle a été restaurée." (thevintagenews.com)

Australian Aboriginal Flag – Origin & meaning

The Australian Aboriginal Flag was designed in 1971 by Harold Thomas for the land rights movement - Then it became a symbol of the Australian Aboriginal people. The colors are said to represent: the Aboriginal people of Australia (black); the Sun, giver of life and protector (yellow); the earth (red).

Kyrgyzstan

Kyrgyzstan

Kyrgyzstan Кыргызстан – A landlocked country in Central Asia on the path of the Silk Road – Capital : Bishkek. The word Kyrgyz means “We are forty”, referring to the forty clans of Manas which got united against the Uyghurs. This reference also appears on the flag of Kyrgyzstan with a 40-ray sun.


Kirghizistan Кыргызстан - Un pays enclavé en Asie centrale sur le chemin de la Route de la soie – Capitale : Bichkek. Le mot « kirghize » signifie «nous sommes quarante », en référence aux quarante clans de Manas qui s’unirent contre les Ouïghours. Cette référence apparaît également sur le drapeau du Kirghizistan avec un soleil à 40 rayons.

jiéqì (24)

“The sky is divided into 24 segments or jiéqì (节气) based on the seasons of the year. The earliest calendars assumed that the motion of the sun was constant and divided the year into 24 segments with equal numbers of days. This method is called píngqì (平气). Because the motion of the sun is not consistent, this was found to be inaccurate. The calendar then changed to a method where the ecliptic (the path of the sun as seen from earth) was divided into 24 equal parts of 15 degrees. This method is called dìngqì (定气). Calendars from the Warring States Period through the Ming Dynasty used the pingqi method in their designs and only changed to the more accurate dingqi method during the Qing Dynasty.” (source: hua.umf.maine.edu)

The 24 jiéqì 节气 consist of the succession of 立春 Lì chūn "Beginning of spring" (Spring festival), 雨水 Yǔ shuĭ "Rain water", 惊蛰 Jīng zhé "Waking of insects", 春分 Chūn fēn "Spring equinox" (March 21), 清明 Qīng míng "Pure brightness", etc.

Hebrew calendar

Hebrew or Jewish calendar (הַלּוּחַ הָעִבְרִי, Ha-Luah ha-Ivri) - Luni-solar calendar composed of solar years, lunar months, and seven-day weeks beginning on Sunday and ending on Saturday, Shabbat day. It begins with Genesis (Bereshit), said to correspond to the year 3761BCE in the Gregorian calendar. The years comprise twelve or thirteen lunar months, according to a so-called metonic cycle.


Calendrier hébreu

calendrier hébraïque (הַלּוּחַ הָעִבְרִי, Ha-Luah ha-Ivri) - Calendrier luni-solaire composé d’années solaires, de mois lunaires, et de semaines de sept jours commençant le dimanche et se terminant le samedi, jour du chabbat. Il commence avec la Genèse (Beréshit), correspondant à l’an 3761 avant l’ère chrétienne du calendrier grégorien. Les années comportent douze ou treize mois lunaires, selon un cycle dit métonique.

Haab

The solar calendar or Haab consisted of 18 months of 20 days each, which adds up to 360 days, plus an additional month of five days at the end of the year known as the Wayeb. Each day is represented by a number in the month followed by the name of the month.

Akhenaten

Akhenaten

Akhenaten - An ancient Egyptian pharaoh of the 18th Dynasty who ruled from 1353 (or 1351) BCE to 1336 (or 1334) BCE – Famous for abandoning traditional Egyptian polytheism and introducing worship centered on the Aten (disk of the Sun) – Known before the fifth year of his reign as Amenhotep IV.


Akhenaton - Ancien pharaon égyptien de la XVIIIe dynastie qui a régné de 1353 (ou 1351) avant J.-C. à 1336 (ou 1334) avant J.-C. - Célèbre pour avoir abandonné le polythéisme traditionnel égyptien et instauré un culte centré sur Aton, dieu solaire. Connu avant la cinquième année de son règne comme Amenhotep IV.

sun

003/200sun

The country of Timor-Leste owes its name to Timór Lorosa'e, meaning the “rising sun” in Tetum. (Portuguese lg, Tetum lg)


Le pays du Timor-Leste doit son nom à Timór Lorosa'e, qui signifie le « soleil levant » en tetum.

From its astronomical consideration to its astrological interpretations, from its uniqueness to its multiplicity, what is the sun? How could it even be defined? Present on the Kyrgyz flag, central to Japanese culture with Amaterasu, symbolizing the utopian city for Campanella, or the idea of a single god for Akhenaten, how to explain the often strong place it takes in cultures and societies? What is its contemporary significance?

De sa considération astronomique à ses interprétations astrologiques, de son unicité à sa multiplicité, qu’est-ce que le soleil ? Comment le définir ? Présent sur le drapeau kyrgyz, central à la culture japonaise avec Amaterasu, symbolisant la Cité utopique pour Campanella, ou encore l’idée d’un dieu unique pour Akhénaton, comment expliquer la place souvent forte qu’il prend dans les cultures et les sociétés ? Quelle est sa signification contemporaine ?

The Sun shines in the sky.

: 太陽が空に輝いています。

Taiyō ga sora ni kagayaite imasu.

: 阳光照在天空中。

Yángguāng zhào zài tiānkōng zhōng.

: Il sole splende nel cielo.

: Le soleil brille dans le ciel.

: The Sun shines in the sky.

: Die Sonne scheint am Himmel.

: El sol brilla en el cielo.

These are just introductory steps – Please if you see anything to be added or modified, contact us, we’ll be glad to receive your contribution...
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