Serra da Capivara National Park

Serra da Capivara National Park

“Serra da Capivara National Park
An exceptional testament of time and work
In the State of Piauí in Brazil
A testament which, according to some, Refers to the first people who occupied South America
More than 300 archaeological sites have been discovered
Some of which date back to 25,000 years, even 50,000 years ago …
With findings such as rock carvings
And tools made from stone…”

Serra da Capivara National Park

« Le Parc national Serra da Capivara
Un exceptionnel témoignage

Dans l'État du Piauí au Brésil
Un témoignage qui, selon certains,
Pourrait renvoyer aux premiers peuples
Ayant occupé l’Amérique du Sud

Plus de 300 sites archéologiques découverts
Dont certains remontent jusqu’à 25 000 ans, voire 50 000 ans…
Et parmi eux de nombreuses créations rupestres
Ainsi que des outils en pierre… »

Proposed by

Raoni Metuktire – Cacique of the Kayapo people

Raoni Metuktire – Cacique of the Kayapo people

Chief Raoni or Raoni Metuktire (ca. 1930-) - A chief (cacique) of the Kayapo people, famous for his fight for the preservation of the Amazon rainforest and indigenous cultures. Although he was formerly engaged in this struggle, he gained a considerable attention when Sting and a few others created around him and his projects the Rainforest Foundation (which later extended its help to three zones: Africa / Central and South America / Southeast Asia).

Kayapo people

Kayapo people - A Brazilian Indigenous group from the plain lands of the Mato Grosso and Pará in Brazil, south of the Amazon Basin and along Rio Xingu and its tributaries. Kayapo is an exonym, as the autonym is Mebêngôkre, "the men from the water hole." Older men insert disks in their lower lips. Kayapo language, belongs to the Jê language family. A type of sweet potato is sometimes named "caiapo", after the tribe. As many other tribes, they are under the threat of environmental issues, and their claim was marked by an important demonstration they made during the Altamira Gathering five-day media conference (February 19 to 24, 1989) organized by the Coordination of the Indigenous Organizations of the Brazilian Amazon.

Jair Bolsonaro

Jair Bolsonaro

Jair Messias Bolsonaro (1955-) is the 38th President of Brazil, elected in 2018. Military up to the rank of captain, he entered politics as a deputy in 1990 under the label of the Christian Democratic Party (PDC). Following the disqualification and imprisonment of former president Lula da Silva, he won the elections with 55% of the votes. He is often cited for his controversial positions on women, the Amazonian peoples, homosexuals, the management of the forest itself or his frequent references to the military dictatorship of 1964-1985. Before the pandemic hit the country, its proponents pointed to the economic success of what has been described as its "bolsonomics", pointing to a form of growth that in no way obscured its priorities.

Jair Bolsonaro

Jair Messias Bolsonaro (1955-) est le 38e président du Brésil, élu en 2018. Militaire jusqu’au rang de capitaine, il entre en politique comme député en 1990 sous l’étiquette du Parti démocrate chrétien (PDC). Suite à la disqualification et l’emprisonnement de l'ancien président Lula da Silva, il remporte les élections avec 55% des voix. Il est souvent cité pour des prises de position polémiques à l’égard des femmes, des peuples amazoniens, des homosexuels, de la gestion de la forêt elle-même ou de sa fréquente référence à la dictature militaire de 1964-1985. Avant que la pandémie ne frappe le pays, ses partisans mettaient en avant le succès économique de ce qui a été qualifié comme ses « bolsonomics », pointant une forme de croissance ne masquant nullement ses priorités.

Amazon rainforest

Amazon rainforest

The Amazon rainforest or Amazonia or the Amazon Jungle – A tropical rainforest in the Amazon biome covering 5,500,000 km2 in the basin with an estimated 390 billion individual trees. Nine nations share it: Brazil (60%), Peru, Colombia, Venezuela, Ecuador, Bolivia, Guyana, Suriname, French Guiana.

Forêt amazonienne

La forêt amazonienne ou Amazonie ou Jungle amazonienne - Forêt tropicale humide située dans le biome de l’Amazone couvrant 5 500 000 km2 de son bassin, avec une population estimée à 390 milliards d’arbres. Elle concerne neuf nations : le Brésil (60%), le Pérou, la Colombie, le Venezuela, l'Équateur, la Bolivie, la Guyana, le Suriname et la Guyane française.


The name given mainly to Brazilian shantytowns where part of the population lives in conditions of precariousness, insalubrity and violence, particularly because of trafficking (including drugs or weapons) or prostitution. Representative of the urban development of certain cities, including Rio de Janeiro, the favelas are also associated with forms of popular culture which they have largely accompanied or even encouraged (music, dance, etc.).


Appellation donnée principalement aux bidonvilles brésiliens regroupant une partie de la population dans des conditions mêlant diversement précarité, insalubrité, violence, en particulier en raison des trafics (dont celui de la drogue ou des armes) ou de la prostitution. Représentatifs du développement urbain de certaines cités, dont Rio de Janeiro, les favelas sont aussi associées à des formes de cultures populaires dont elles ont amplement accompagné voire suscité l’essor (musique, danse…).

Any suggestion, improvement…? Many thanks and please, contact us…


An Afro-Brazilian cultural practice (simultaneously a fight and a dance) - UNESCO World Intangible Heritage 2014.


Capoeira - Patrimoine mondial immatériel de l'UNESCO 2014 - Une pratique culturelle afro-brésilienne (à la fois un combat et une danse).

Any suggestion, improvement…? Many thanks and please, contact us…

Favela – Etymology

The Brazilian term 'favela' is said to come from a plant referring to the Morro da Favela (hill) in the State of Bahia, where the soldiers would have stayed during the Canudos War (1896-1897) and whose name they would have kept when they returned to Rio de Janeiro, on the Morro da Providência. The first favela thus appeared in Rio de Janeiro in 1897.

Le terme brésilien « favela » viendrait d’une plante référant au Morro (colline) da Favela de l'État de Bahia sur lequel les soldats auraient séjourné durant la guerre de Canudos (1896-1897) et dont ils auraient conservé le nom en retournant à Rio de Janeiro, sur le Morro da Providência. La première favela serait ainsi apparue à Rio de Janeiro en 1897.

Favela in figures

"In Brazil, 6% of the country's population lives in favelas. There are 6,329 favelas in 323 municipalities according to data from IBGE (the Brazilian Institution of Geography and Statistics).
Percentage of certain populations living in favelas :
- Belém (PA) with 54.48%.
- Salvador (de Bahia) with 33.07%.
- Rio de Janeiro with 22.16%.
The states with the highest number of favelas are:
- Sao Paulo with 2087
- Rio de Janeiro with 1332
- Bahia with 280."

« Au Brésil, 6% de la population du pays habitent dans une favela. On dénombre 6329 favelas dans 323 communes selon les données de l'IBGE (l'Institution Brésilien de Géographie et Statistiques).
Pourcentage de certaines populations vivant dans les favelas :
• Belém (PA) avec 54,48%
• Salvador avec 33,07%
• Rio de Janeiro avec 22,16%
Les Etats avec le plus grand nombre de favelas sont :
• Sao Paulo avec 2087
• Rio de Janeiro avec 1332
• Bahia with 280."
(source :

BBB in Brazil…

"(...) BBB in Brazil? Here are the Bible, bullets and beef (Biblia, balas, buey). In other words: the evangelical religious, the military, and the big landowners (beef farmers). It is thanks to the BBB that Jair Bolsonaro is president. These three ultra-conservative forces, who have common interests, joined together to elect Bolsonaro, the first military man to come to power since the end of the dictatorship in 1985. »

« (…) BBB au Brésil ? Ce sont la Bible, les balles et le bœuf. En VO : Biblia, balas, buey. Autrement dit : les religieux évangéliques, les militaires, et les grands propriétaires terriens (les éleveurs de bœuf). C'est grâce aux BBB que Jair Bolsonaro est président. Ces trois forces ultra-conservatrices, qui ont des intérêts communs, se sont unies pour faire élire Bolsonaro, le premier militaire à accéder au pouvoir depuis la fin de la dictature en 1985. »
(source :

In Brazil, coronavirus crisis fuels new favela

"When Priscila Tomas da Silva's husband lost his job loading trucks because of coronavirus shutdown measures in Sao Paulo, they faced a stark choice: pay the rent, or feed their six children. So they built a shack in a new favela emerging on the city's northern outskirts, a symbol of the devastation the pandemic is causing in Brazil.The favela, in the Jardim Julieta neighborhood, has sprouted at an informal parking lot for semi-trucks.
(…) In fact, epidemics and plagues have been forcing Brazil's poor into favelas and other informal settlements throughout history, said Lino Teixeira, coordinator for urban policy at the Favela Observatory, a research and advocacy group. “The creation of favelas, going back to some of the very first ones, is linked to a series of urban epidemics, from yellow fever to the Spanish flu to smallpox to measles” he said.” (AFP - 31/07/2020)

Operation Condor & South American military dictatorships

“In 1975, six South American military dictatorships conspired to concoct a secret plan to eliminate their left-wing opponents. Not only would the intelligence services of Argentina, Bolivia, Brazil, Chile, Paraguay and Uruguay trade information with each other and kidnap, disappear and kill their own domestic foes, they would also cooperate in identifying and killing exiles from partner countries who had taken refuge elsewhere. By the time Operation Condor ended in the early 1980s, as many as 60,000 people may have been killed…” ( / Larry Rohter 2014/01)

Paulinho Paiakan: Amazon indigenous chief dies with coronavirus’

Paulinho Paiakan: Amazon indigenous chief dies with coronavirus’

“One of the best-known indigenous defenders of the Amazon rainforest has died with coronavirus in Brazil, where the disease continues its rapid spread (...) Paulinho Paiakan, chief of the Kayapó people, came to international attention in the 1980s in the fight against Belo Monte, one of the world's largest dams.He was around 65. Paiakan was one of the most important indigenous voices during Brazil's return to democracy in the 1980s, and helped lead the campaign for the creation of large indigenous reserves in the Amazon.He also fought to expel illegal miners and loggers from indigenous areas. But his image was stained in 1992, after a student accused him of rape, a case that had worldwide repercussions. His allies argued the claim was fabricated to tarnish Paiakan's reputation and to silence him. Reacting to his death on Wednesday at a hospital in Pará, the Brazilian Indigenous Peoples' Association (Apib) described Paiakan as a "father, leader and warrior" for indigenous peoples and the environment. Gert-Peter Bruch, founder of environmental group Planet Amazon, told AFP news agency: "He worked all his life to build worldwide alliances around indigenous peoples to save the Amazon. He was far ahead of his time. We've lost an extremely valuable guide.” ( / 2020-08)


The roda is the circle in which capoeiristas may practice their art. (Portuguese lg)

La roda est le cercle dans lequel les capoeiristes peuvent pratiquer leur art.

What is living, and not living? How to define them? How have forms of housing and their quality played a major role in the well-being of populations? How has housing evolved? How should we think about housing in today's world? What about the quality or shortage of housing? In what way does digital technology play a role in this area?... (to be completed)

Qu’est-ce qu’habiter, et ne pas habiter ? Comment les définir ? En quoi les formes de logement, leur qualité, ont-ils joué un rôle majeur dans le bien-être des populations ? Comment le logement a-t-il évolué ? Comment penser le logement dans le monde actuel ? Qu’en est–il de la qualité ou de la pénurie des logements ? En quoi le numérique tient-il un rôle en ce domaine ?... (à compléter)


In Amazon rainforest (Venezuela, Brazil), the Yanomami people live under the roof of shabonos. (Yanomami lg)

Dans la forêt amazonienne (Venezuela, Brésil), les Yanomami vivent sous le toit des shabonos.

What is a piece of furniture? How to define it? From a bench on a village square to the service of a bourgeois dining room, from the comfort of a heated kotatsu to the relaxation of a rocking chair, how did furniture take its place in homes? How have they been renewed through the ages? Who made it? With what materials? What about modernity? ... (to be completed)

Qu’est-ce qu’un meuble ? Comment le définir ? Du banc posé sur la place d’un village à la desserte d’une salle-à-manger bourgeoise, du confort d’un kotatsu chauffant à la détente d’un rocking chair, comment les meubles ont-ils pris toute leur place dans les logements ? Comment se sont-ils renouvelés à travers les âges ? Qui en a assuré la fabrication ? Avec quels matériaux ? Qu’en est-il de la modernité ? ... (à compléter)



Brazil is a country in America. Its capital is: Brasilia. Its official language is: Portuguese. Other languages include: German; East Pomeranian; Riograndenser Hunsrückisch; Talian; Nheengatu, Baniwa, Tucano; Guaraní . Its currency is: Real.

Code: BR | BRA
FR: Brésil
DE: Brasilien
IT: Brasile
ES: Brasil
ZH: 巴西
PI: bāxī
JA: ブラジル
RO: Burajiru
Capital: Brasilia

Gran Colombia

Simón Bolívar proclaimed the Republic of Gran Colombia in 1819 including the present Colombia, Ecuador, Panama, Venezuela, as well as parts of Peru, Guyana and Brazil.

Simón Bolívar proclame la République de Grande Colombie en 1819, comprenant l'actuelle Colombie, l'Équateur, le Panama, le Venezuela, ainsi que certaines régions du Pérou, de la Guyane et du Brésil.

Sepé Tiaraju

Sepé Tiaraju was a hero of the Guarani people. He fell in battle on February 7, 1756. More than 1,500 Guarani warriors, attracted by the illusion of a peace agreement, were also massacred.

Sepé Tiaraju est le héros du peuple guarani. Il tombe au combat le 7 février 1756. Plus de 1500 guerriers guaranis, attirés par l’illusion d’un accord de paix, y sont également massacrés.

Back to Top