Queen of Sheba

Queen of Sheba

The Queen of Sheba (Ge'ez : ንግሥተ ሳባ nəgəstä Saba) – Mentioned in the Hebrew Bible –Said to have reached Jerusalem and King Solomon "with a very great retinue, with camels bearing spices, and very much gold, and precious stones" (I Kings 10:2) – Maybe coming from present-day Yemen – Gave birth to extensive Jewish, Islamic, and Ethiopian elaborations.


La reine de Saba (Ge'ez : ንግሥተ ሳባ nəgəstä Saba) - Mentionnée dans la Bible hébraïque - Aurait atteint Jérusalem et le roi Salomon "avec une très grande suite et des chameaux convoyant épices, or et pierres précieuses" (Livre des Rois 10:2) – Serait venue du Yémen actuel – A donné lieu à de nombreuses interprétations en particulier juives, islamiques et éthiopiennes.

Lalibela

Lalibela

Lalibela ላሊበላ- A city in Ethiopia (Amhara Region) famous for its rock-cut monolithic churches. World Heritage site 1978. “The 11 medieval monolithic cave churches of this 13th-century 'New Jerusalem' are situated in a mountainous region in the heart of Ethiopia near a traditional village with circular-shaped dwellings. Lalibela is a high place of Ethiopian Christianity, still today a place of pilmigrage and devotion.”


Lalibela ላሊበላ- Une ville d'Éthiopie (région d'Amhara) célèbre pour ses églises monolithiques taillées dans le roc. Patrimoine mondial de l’UNESCO 1978. « Au cœur de l'Éthiopie, dans une région montagneuse, les onze églises monolithes médiévales de cette « nouvelle Jérusalem » du XIIIe siècle ont été creusées et taillées à même le roc près d'un village traditionnel aux maisons rondes. Lalibela est un haut lieu du christianisme éthiopien, lieu de pèlerinage et de dévotions. »

Kingdom of Kush

Kingdom of Kush

Kingdom of Kush (c. 785BCE – c. 350CE) - An ancient kingdom in Nubia. Its capitals were successively Napata (pres. Karima, Sudan) and Meroë. The Kingdom of Aksum defeated it in the 4th century AD. Afterwards three Christianized kingdoms emerged: Nobatia, Makuria and Alodia.


Royaume de Koush (v. 785BCE - v. 350CE) - Ancien royaume de Nubie. Ses capitales furent successivement Napata (auj. Karima, Soudan) et Méroé. Le royaume d'Axoum est vaincu au 4ème siècle après JC. Par la suite, trois royaumes christianisés ont émergé : Nobatia, Makuria et Alodia.

Kilimanjaro

Kilimanjaro

Kilimanjaro (Mount) – A mountain constituted of three volcanic cones, Kibo, Mawenzi, and Shira, in Tanzania - The highest mountain in Africa, (19,341 ft) – Also known for its shrinking glaciers.


Kilimanjaro (mont) - Une montagne en Tanzanie composée de trois cônes volcaniques, Kibo, Mawenzi et Shira - La plus haute montagne d'Afrique (5 895 mètres) - Également connue pour la fonte de ses glaciers.

Enkutatash


Enkutatash

Enkutatash (Ge'ez: እንቁጣጣሽ) - The first day of the New Year in Ethiopia and Eritrea, more or less corresponding to the end of the "rainy season" - It is associated with the return of the Queen of Sheba to Ethiopia after her visit to King Solomon in Jerusalem in ca. 980 BCE.


Enkutatash (Ge'ez: እንቁጣጣሽ) - Le premier jour du Nouvel An en Éthiopie et en Érythrée correspondant plus ou moins à la fin de la "saison des pluies" - Il est associé au retour de la reine de Saba en Éthiopie après sa visite au roi Salomon à Jérusalem vers 980 av.J.-C.

Hussein Sheikh Ahmed Kaddare

Hussein Sheikh Ahmed Kaddare

Hussein Sheikh Ahmed Kaddare (1934-2015) - Creator of a script for the Somali language, invented in 1953.


Hussein Sheikh Ahmed Kaddare (1934-2015) - Créateur d'une écriture pour transcrire la langue somali, inventée en 1953.

Dance Drums in Burundi

Dance Drums in Burundi

Ritual dance of the royal drum in Burundi - Intangible Cultural Heritage of Humanity 2014 “… a spectacle combining powerful, synchronized drumming with dancing, heroic poetry and traditional songs”


Danse rituelle du tambour royal du Burundi - Patrimoine culturel immatériel de l'humanité 2014 «… un spectacle mêlant percussions puissantes et synchronisées avec de la danse, de la poésie héroïque et des chants traditionnels»

Aisha Musa Ahmad

Aisha Musa Ahmad

Aisha Musa Ahmad (1905-1974) or Aisha al-Falatiya - a Sudanese singer, the first woman to sing on Sudanese radio in 1942. After over 150 songs all along her career, she got a great popularity in Sudan as well as in Egypt.


Aisha Musa Ahmad (1905-1974) ou Aisha al-Falatiya - Une chanteuse soudanaise, la première femme à chanter à la radio soudanaise en 1942. Après plus de 150 chansons tout au long de sa carrière, elle a acquis une grande popularité au Soudan et en Égypte.

Peace and milk…

Peace and milk…

“In Somalia
"Peace is as vital as oxygen,
As essential as breast milk"
"Peace and milk" (nabad iyo caano) are synonymous, inseparable pairs.
"Because without peace, there is no source of subsistence, therefore, no life". Says Asha Hagi Elmi
Peace activist and Right Livelihood Awarded in 2008…”


« En Somalie
« La paix est aussi vitale que l'oxygène,
Aussi essentielle que le lait maternel »

D’ailleurs « paix et lait » (nabad iyo caano) sont synonymes, inséparables binômes.

“Car sans la paix, il n'y a pas de source de subsistance, donc, pas de vie ».

Ainsi s’exprime Asha Hagi Elmi
Militante de la paix et Right Livelihood Award (prix Nobel Alternatif) en 2008… »

Proposed by

173/200feeling

How enthusiastic was Phiona Mutesi to experience her fantastic gift for chess. (English lg, Swahili lg)


Phiona Mutesi était enthousiaste à l'idée de découvrir son fantastique cadeau pour les échecs.

170/200ethics

In Burundi, the bashingantahe are customary chiefs invested at the level of each hill, responsible for conflict management. (Kirundi lg)


Au Burundi, les bashingantahe sont des chefs coutumiers investis au niveau de chaque colline, chargés de la gestion des conflits.

121/200justice

Gacaca court (“justice amongst the grass”) is a system of community justice in Rwanda. (Kinyarwanda lg)


Juridiction Gacaca ("justice parmi les herbes") est un système de justice communautaire au Rwanda.

117/200power

South Sudan gained independence from the Republic of the Sudan in 2011. (English lg)


Le Soudan du Sud a obtenu son indépendance de la République du Soudan en 2011.

060/200hour

Djibouti Standard Time is 3 hours ahead of Greenwich Mean Time ( GMT+3 ). (Arabic lg, French lg)


L'heure standard de Djibouti a 3 heures d'avance sur l'heure moyenne de Greenwich (GMT + 3).

077/200organ

The Maasai traditional diet consists almost entirely of milk, meat, and blood. (Maasai lg or Maa lg)


Le régime traditionnel maasai se compose presque entièrement de lait, de viande et de sang.

038/200woman

Sudanese women are often dressed with the thobe (or thawb), a white or colorful long one piece cloth usually covering their head.


Les femmes soudanaises sont souvent habillées avec du thobe (ou dégel), un long tissu blanc ou coloré d'une seule pièce qui couvre généralement leur tête. (Arabe lg, arabe wr)

Uganda

Uganda

Uganda is a country in Africa. Its capital is: Kampala. Its official languages are: Swahili; English . Its currency is: Ugandan Shilling.

Code: UG | UGA
FR: Ouganda
DE: Uganda
IT: Uganda
ES: Uganda
ZH: 乌干达
PI: wūgāndá
JA: ウガンダ
RO: Uganda
Capital: Kampala
Somalia

Somalia

Somalia is a country in Africa. Its capital is: Mogadishu. Its official language is: Somali; Arabic . Its currency is: Somali Shilling.

Code: SO | SOM
FR: Somalie
DE: Somalia
IT: Somalia
ES: Somalia
ZH: 索马里
PI: suǒmǎlǐ
JA: ソマリア
RO: Somaria
Capital: Mogadishu
South Sudan

South Sudan

South Sudan is a country in Africa. Its capital is: Juba. Its official languages are: Arabic; English . Other languages include: Bari; Dinka; Luo; Murle; Nuer; Zande. Its currency is: " South Sudanese pound".

Code: SS | SSD
FR: Soudan du Sud
DE: Südsudan
IT: Sudan del Sud
ES: Sudán del Sur
ZH: 南苏丹
PI: nán sūdān
JA: 南スーダン
RO: Minami Sūdan
Capital: Juba
Tanzania

Tanzania

Tanzania is a country in Africa. Its capitals are: Dar es Salaam; Dodoma. Its official languages are: English; Swahili . Its currency is: Tanzanian Schilling.

Code: TZ | TZA
FR: Tanzanie
DE: Tansania
IT: Tanzania
ES: Tanzania
ZH: 坦桑尼亚
PI: tǎnsāngníyǎ
JA: タンザニア
RO: Tai
Capital: Dodoma
Sudan

Sudan

Sudan is a country in Africa. Its capital is: Khartoum. Its official languages are: Arabic; English . Its currency is: Sudanese Pound.

Code: SD | SDN
FR: Soudan
DE: Sudan
IT: Sudan
ES: Sudán
ZH: 苏丹
PI: sūdān
JA: スーダン
RO: Sūdan
Capital: Khartoum
Rwanda

Rwanda

Rwanda is a country in Africa. Its capital is: Kigali. Its official languages are: Kinyarwanda; French; English; Swahili . Its currency is: Rwandan Franc.

Code: RW | RWA
FR: Rwanda
DE: Ruanda
IT: Ruanda
ES: Ruanda
ZH: 卢旺达
PI: lúwàngdá
JA: ルワンダ
RO: Ruwanda
Capital: Kigali
Kenya

Kenya

Kenya is a country in Africa. Its capital is: Nairobi. Its official language is: Swahili; English . Its currency is: Kenyan Shilling.

Code: KE | KEN
FR: Kenya
DE: Kenia
IT: Kenya
ES: Kenia
ZH: 肯尼亚
PI: kěnníyǎ
JA: ケニア
RO: Kenia
Capital: Nairobi
Eritrea

Eritrea

Eritrea is a country in Africa. Its capital is: Asmara. Its official language is: Arabic; Tigrinya; English. Other languages include: Italian. Its currency is: Nakfa.

Code: ER | ERI
FR: Érythrée
DE: Eritrea
IT: Eritrea
ES: Eritrea
ZH: 厄立特里亚
PI: èlìtèlǐyǎ
JA: エリトリア
RO: Eritoria
Capital: Asmara
Ethiopia

Ethiopia

Ethiopia is a country in Africa. Its capital is: Addis Ababa. Its official language is: Amharic. Other languages include: Oromo; Somali; Tigrinya; Afar; Sidamo; Kunama; Benshangul; Gumuz; English; Harari. Its currency is: Birr.

Code: ET | ETH
FR: Éthiopie
DE: Äthiopien
IT: Etiopia
ES: Etiopía
ZH: 埃塞俄比亚
PI: āisāi'ébǐyǎ
JA: エチオピア
RO: Echiopia
Capital: Addis Ababa
Djibouti

Djibouti

Djibouti is a country in Africa. Its capital is: Djibouti. Its official language is: Arabic; French . Its currency is: Djiboutian Franc.

Code: DJ | DJI
FR: Djibouti
DE: Dschibuti
IT: Gibuti
ES: Yibuti
ZH: 吉布提
PI: jíbùtí
JA: ジブチ
RO: Jibuchi
Capital: Djibouti
Burundi

Burundi

Burundi is a country in Africa. Its capital is: Bujumbura. Its official language is: Kirundi; French. Other languages include: Swahili. Its currency is: Burundi Franc.

Code: BI | BDI
FR: Burundi
DE: Burundi
IT: Burundi
ES: Burundi
ZH: 布隆迪
PI: bùlóngdí
JA: ブルンジ
RO: Burunji
Capital: Bujumbura

Yao lg

A Bantu language in Africa spoken in Malawi, Tanzania and Mozambique.

ISO 639-2 Code: yao

Family: Niger–Congo lgs / Atlantic–Congo lgs / Benue–Congo lgs / Bantu lgs

Tumbuka lg

A Bantu language spoken in the Northern Region of Malawi and also in the Lundazi district of Zambia.

ISO 639-2 Code: tum

Family: Niger–Congo lgs / Atlantic–Congo lgs / Benue–Congo lgs / Bantu lgs

Tigre lg

A Semitic language of the Afro-Asiatic languages spoken in the Horn of Africa, by the Tigre people in Eritrea.

ISO 639-2 Code: tig

Family: Afro-Asiatic lgs / Semitic lgs