Martenitsa


Martenitsa

Martenitsa мартеница (Bulgaria) or Mărțișor (Romania) - A custom welcoming the spring through a piece of adornment, made of white and red yarn - Intangible Cultural Heritage of Humanity 2017.


Martenitsa мартеница (Bulgarie) ou Mărțișor (Roumanie) - Une coutume accueillant le printemps à travers une pièce de parure en fils blancs et rouges - Patrimoine culturel immatériel de l'humanité 2017.

oină

oină

“Oină: traditional Romanian sport Existing since the Middle Age,
Its name was created by shepherds ...

Oină is a traditional Romanian sport Claimed as the ancestor of baseball Or even Russian lapta …

Oină is played with ones bare hands
And a leather ball Filled with horse, cattle or pig hair
As well as a wooden stick.
After its period of glory
This traditional sport has lost some of its primacy
Faced with tough competitors
Like football and boxing
But who knows what the future holds…”


« Oină : sport traditionnel Roumain

Apparu au Moyen Âge,
Son nom fut créé par les bergers…

L’Oină est un sport traditionnel Roumain
Revendiqué comme l’ancêtre du baseball
Ou encore de la lapta russe…

L’Oină se joue à main nue
Avec une balle en cuir
Remplie de poils de cheval, de bovins ou de porc
Ainsi qu’un bâton de frappe en bois.

Après une période de gloire
Ce sport traditionnel a un peu perdu de sa primauté
Face à de rudes concurrents
Comme le football et la boxe

Mais qui sait ce que l’avenir lui réserve… »

Proposed by

“Doctors in Romania are frustrated by coronasceptics”

“Doctors in Romania are frustrated by coronasceptics”

“Iordachescu recently wrote about a few hundred coronasceptics, holding religious icons, the national flag, and signs that read “I believe in GOD not in COVID” protesting in Romania’s capital Bucharest against what they call a “sanitary dictatorship.” In early July, the Constitutional Court in Romania ruled that “mandatory hospitalization, imposed under the two-month state of emergency, violated fundamental rights and was illegal.” Iordachescu underlines that since the Constitutional Court ruling in July, many patients left hospitals even if they tested positive for the virus. Also, since the court ruling, coronasceptics have been coming together and protesting the measures taken against the pandemic frequently.” - medyascope.tv/2020/07/30

161/200first

A Martenitsa мартеница in Bulgaria consists of a kind of white and red yarn adornment, to welcome Baba Marta Day, March 1st. (Bulgarian lg, Cyrillic wr)


Un Martenitsa мартеница en Bulgarie ou un mărțișor en Roumanie consiste en une sorte de parure de fil blanc et rouge, pour accueillir la Journée Baba Marta, le 1er mars. )

What is first, second or last? How to define them? Do ordinals have particular meanings (first - second...)? First citizen robot, first woman to fly in space, last person on a list, second on the line, how do order and rank play in the nature of a phenomenon, an event, a situation and the perception we can have of it? How do we or do we not strive to achieve this rank? How does its trace mark memories?... (to be completed)

Qu’est-ce qu’être premier, second ou dernier ? Comment les définir ? Les ordinaux ont–ils des significations particulières (premier – deuxième…) ? Premier robot citoyen, première femme à voler dans l’espace, dernière personne d’une liste, deuxième arrivé.e sur la ligne, en quoi l’ordre et le rang jouent-ils dans la nature d’un phénomène, un événement, une situation et la perception que l’on peut en avoir ? Comment s’emploie-t-on ou non à obtenir ce rang ? Comment sa trace marque-t-elle les mémoires ?... (à compléter)

sit

082/200sit

“The Sitting woman” from Hamangia culture (Romania) is (with "The Thinker") a masterpiece of Neolithic art. (Romanian lg, Bulgarian lg, Latin wr, Cyrillic wr)


«La femme assise» de la culture hamangienne (Roumanie et Bulgarie) est (avec «Le penseur») un chef-d'œuvre de l'art néolithique.

What are the meanings of getting up, lying down, sitting down? How to define them? How have cultures partly coded the different positions? Do our current ways of functioning have effects on our body position? . How does digital technology intervene in our body position? . (to be completed)

Quelles significations accorder au fait de se lever, se coucher, s’asseoir ? Comment les définir ? Comment les cultures ont en partie codé les différentes positions ? Nos modes de fonctionnement actuels ont–ils des effets sur notre position corporelle ? . Comment le numérique intervient dans notre position corporelle ?... (à compléter)

Romania

Romania

Romania is a country in Europe. Its capital is: Bucharest. Its official language is: Romanian. Other languages include: Armenian; German; Hungarian; Romani; Serbian; Slovak; Turkish; Ukrainian. Its currency is: Romanian Leu.

Code: RO | ROU
FR: Roumanie
DE: Rumänien
IT: Romania
ES: Rumania
ZH: 罗马尼亚
PI: luómǎníyǎ
JA: ルーマニア
RO: Mūmania
Capital: Bucharest
Tărtăria tablets

Tărtăria tablets

Tărtăria tablets – Three clay tablets (originally unbaked), discovered in 1961 in Tărtăria (Romania) - Covered with signs thought to be Vinča symbols, their controversial dating (5300 BC. To 2,750 BC) is somewhere difficult (as they were baked to be preserved). A number of activities habe been interpreted there as: agricultural work to be done according to the phases of the moon and the seasons, breeding, hunting or slaughter of the animals,etc.


Tablettes de Tărtăria

Tablettes de Tărtăria - Trois tablettes d'argile (non cuites à l'origine), découvertes en 1961 à Tărtăria (Roumanie) - Recouvertes de signes que l'on pense être des symboles de la culture Vinča, leur datation controversée (5300 av. J.-C. à 2750 av. J.-C.) est assez difficile (car elles ont été cuites pour être conservées). On a pu y interpréter un certain nombre d’activités comme : des travaux agricoles fonction des phases de la lune et des saisons, la reproduction du bétail ou encore une évocation de la chasse ou de l'abattage des animaux…

Nicolae Ceaușescu

Nicolae Ceaușescu (1918 – 1989) - A Romanian politician, General Secretary of the Romanian Communist Party from 1965 to 1989, President of the Republic until his overthrow and execution in the Romanian Revolution in December 1989. He encouraged press censorship, intensification of the secret police (the Securitate), extensive nepotism and a growing cult of personality while the country faced severe economic mismanagement leading in 1982 to heavy rationing of basic products and necessities.

Lad’s dances in Romania

Lad’s dances in Romania

Lad’s dances in Romania - UNESCO World Heritage 2015 "...practised in community life on festive occasions, such as weddings and holidays, as well as during stage performances".


Danses des garçons en Roumanie - Patrimoine mondial de l'UNESCO 2015 "... pratiqué dans la vie de communauté lors de fêtes, comme les mariages et les jours fériés, ainsi que lors de spectacles sur scène".

Dacia

Dacia – A land of the antiquity which mainly corresponds to the present-day Romania and Moldova with some part of different other countries of Central and Eastern Europe. Its capital was Sarmizegetusa which was destroyed by the Romans under the reign of king Decebalus 106CE.

Cimitirul Vesel

Cimitirul Vesel

The Merry Cemetery (Cimitirul Vesel) – A cemetery in Romania, famous for its colorful tombstones with naïve paintings – Each stone describes the life of the person who is buried there in a poetic manner - Started in 1935 with a local craftsman, Stan Ioan Pătraş (1908-1977).


(source: touchons-du-bois.com/) "We met Dumitru Pop Tincu, woodcarver and painter of gravestones in the Merry cemetery"
(Rencontre avec Dumitru Pop Tincu, sculpteur et peintre des stèles du Cimetière joyeux)
Săpânța - Maramureș region - Romania


Le Cimetière Joyeux de Săpânța (Cimitirul Vesel din Săpânța) - Un cimetière roumain célèbre pour ses pierres tombales colorées et ses peintures naïves - Chaque pierre décrit la vie de la personne qui y est enterrée de manière poétique – A débuté en 1935 avec un artisan local, Stan Ioan Pătraş (1908-1977).

Burebista

Burebista (reign 82/61–44 BCE) - A Thracian king who unified the Getae and Dacian tribes, leading for that successive raids throughout Thrace, Macedonia, and Illyria. After his assassination, his empire broke up into smaller kingdoms. His image has been sometimes associated with the ethnically pure origin for the Romanian people, especially among Romanian nationalists as it was for example during the celebration of the 2,050th anniversary of the founding of the "unitary and centralized" Dacian state of Burebista by Ceaucescu’s government. At the same time, the epic movie Burebista was issued.

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