thanaka

Thanaka - Cosmetic paste used for a long time in Burma to cover certain parts of the body (face, arm). It is attributed various virtues including the protection of the skin against the sun, a feeling of freshness, etc.


Thanaka - Pâte cosmétique utilisée de longue date en Birmanie pour couvrir certaines parties du corps (visage, bras). On lui attribue diverses vertus incluant la protection de la peau contre le soleil, une sensation de fraîcheur, etc.

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sagu

sagu

Sago or sagu - A starch extracted from the spongy centre of various tropical palm stems - Major staple food for peoples of New Guinea and the Moluccas.


sagou

Sagou - Amidon extrait du centre spongieux de diverses tiges de palmiers tropicaux - Aliment de base de certaines populations de Nouvelle-Guinée et des Moluques.

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nuoc-mâm

Le nuoc-mâm est une sauce vietnamienne à l’odeur et au goût caractéristiques, à base de poisson fermenté dans une saumure - Le terme signifie « eau » nước de « salaison » mắm en vietnamien.

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Noken

Noken

Noken - A knotted or woven bag, native to the Papua being hung from the head, used to carry goods as well as children. Intangible Cultural Heritage 2012 in Need of Urgent Safeguarding. “…Noken is a knotted net or woven bag handmade from wood fibre or leaves by communities in Papua and West Papua Provinces of Indonesia. Men and women use it for carrying plantation produce, catch from the sea or lake, firewood, babies or small animals as well as for shopping and for storing things in the home. Noken may also be worn, often for traditional festivities, or given as peace offerings. The method of making Noken varies between communities, but in general, branches, stems or bark of certain small trees or shrubs are cut, heated over a fire and soaked in water. The remaining wood fibre is dried then spun to make a strong thread or string, which is sometimes coloured using natural dyes. This string is knotted by hand to make net bags of various patterns and sizes. The process requires great manual skill, care and artistic sense, and takes several months to master.”


noken

Noken - Un sac noué ou tissé, originaire de la Papouasie, suspendu à la tête et utilisé pour transporter des marchandises ainsi que des enfants en bas-âge. Inscrit au patrimoine culturel immatériel de l’UNESCO 2012 – Nécessitant une urgente sauvegarde. « ... Le noken est un sac noué ou tissé à la main à partir de fibre de bois ou de feuilles par les communautés des provinces indonésiennes de Papouasie et de Papouasie occidentale. Les hommes et les femmes s’en servent pour transporter le produit des plantations, la pêche maritime ou lacustre, le bois de chauffe, les bébés ou les petits animaux, ainsi que pour faire les courses et ranger des affaires à la maison. Le noken peut aussi se porter souvent à l’occasion de fêtes traditionnelles ou être offert en signe de paix. La méthode de fabrication du noken varie selon les communautés mais, en général, on coupe les branches, les tiges ou l’écorce de petits arbres ou d’arbustes qu’on met sur le feu et qu’on fait tremper dans l’eau. La fibre de bois qui reste est séchée, puis tournée pour obtenir un gros fil ou de la ficelle qu’on colore parfois avec des teintures naturelles. Cette ficelle est nouée à la main pour réaliser des filets de différents points et modèles. Le procédé requiert une grande dextérité manuelle, de l’attention et un sens artistique, et prend plusieurs mois à maîtriser. »

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nat

Esprits vénérés en Birmanie, avant l’arrivée du bouddhisme, très reconnus notamment dans les zones rurales, et dont on compte 37 membres principaux.

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mano

mano

Mano - An "honoring-gesture" in Filipino culture. By this gesture, you are expected to ask elders their permission (mano po) to kiss their right hand (pagmano) while pressing your forehead as a sign of respect.


mano

Mano - Geste d'hommage dans la culture philippine qui consiste à demander aux aîné/es leur permission (mano po) de baiser leur main droite (pagmano) tout en pressant son front en signe de respect.

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jeepneys

jeepneys

Jeepneys (Filipino: Dyipne) – “A Philippine jitney bus converted from a jeep." Kind of buses used for public transportation in the Philippines - Usually crowded and with kitsch decorations, they were initially made from U.S. military jeeps after World War II.


jeepneys

Jeepneys (philippin : Dyipne) - Type d'autobus utilisé pour les transports publics aux Philippines - Généralement encombré et couvert de décorations kitsch, il a été initialement fabriqué à partir de jeeps militaires américaines après la Seconde guerre mondiale.

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durian

durian

Sometimes named the "king of fruits", native to Borneo and Sumatra (with hundreds varieties in Indonesia), with a shape from oblong to round, from husk green to brown, and a flesh from pale yellow to red - It has a special fragrance, which could be considered pleasant or not, its overpowering aroma leading sometimes to the fruit's banishment from certain places.


durian

Durian - Parfois appelé le "roi des fruits", originaire de Bornéo et de Sumatra (avec des centaines de variétés en Indonésie), de forme oblongue à ronde, vert à brun, et de chair allant du jaune pâle au rouge - Son odeur peut être considérée comme agréable ou non, son arôme puissant conduisant parfois au bannissement du fruit de certains endroits.

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Preah Thong and Neang Neak

Preah Thong and Neang Neak

The origins of the Khmer people ជនជាតិ ខ្មែរ
The union of an Indian prince and a Naga princess
Named respectively Preah Thong and Neang Neak

A hermit tells the prince
When sailing east, he would find land
And that it would become a great and prosperous kingdom ...

Fulfilling this dream,
Preah Thong fell in love with Neang Neak
And they got married soon after…

Traditional Khmer wedding ceremonies
Have never forgotten this first union…

"The night goes on
Dew is falling
The cold wind blows
Your hands warm my heart… ”
(From the song Preah Thong Tong Sbai)


Aux origines du peuple khmer ជនជាតិ ខ្មែរ
On trouve l'union d'un prince indien et d'une princesse Naga
Nommés respectivement Preah Thong et Neang Neak

Un ermite dit au prince
Qu’en naviguant vers l'est, il trouverait une terre
Qui deviendrait un royaume grand et prospère…

Accomplissant ce rêve,
Preah Thong tomba amoureux de Neang Neak
Et ils se marièrent peu de temps après…

Les cérémonies traditionnelles de mariage khmer
N'ont jamais oublié cette première union…

"La nuit se prolonge
La rosée tombe
Le vent froid souffle
Tes mains me réchauffent… »
(De la chanson Preah Thong Tong Sbai)

Land of the hornbills

Land of the hornbills

"The great Hornbill
A surprising bird from Southeast Asia
Known for its particularity:
It has a double beak

You can find it on the flag of the Chin people in Burma
It is also at the center of the Dalan Julud
A dance called the great hornbill
Practiced by Kenyah women from Sarawak, Malaysia
Waving beautiful fans made from hornbill feathers
And did you know that
Sarawak is nicknamed « Land of the hornbills »


« Le Calao Bicorne
Un surprenant oiseau du sud-est asiatique
Connu pour sa particularité :
Il possède un double bec
Présent sur le drapeau du peuple Chin en Birmanie
Il est également au centre du Dalan Julud
Une danse dite du calao bicorne
Pratiquée par les femmes Kenyah du Sarawak en Malaisie
Agitant de superbes éventails en poils de calao
D’ailleurs les Sarawak ne sont-ils pas situés
Sur la terre dites « des calaos »… »

Proposed by

Jitney – Etym.

Jitney – “… "bus which carries passengers for a fare," 1915, short for jitney bus (1906), American English, from gitney, jetney (n.), said in a 1903 newspaper article to be a St. Louis slang for any small coin, especially "a nickel," (the buses' fare typically was a nickel), the coin name attested or suggested by 1898, probably via New Orleans from French jeton "coin-sized metal disk, slug, counter"…” (source: etymonline.com)

Jakarta – Names & Etym.

Jakarta was founded in the fourth century during the era of the Sunda Kingdom, known as Sunda Kelapa. It became Jakarta after the defeat of Portuguese in 1527. Its name comes from the Sanskrit jaya जय which means "victorious" and krta कृत "accomplished". It was renamed Batavia in 1619 with the Dutch East Indies. It recovered its name Jakarta with the Japanese invasion in 1942.

Jakarta’s removal

“As congested and low-lying Jakarta sinks rapidly, Indonesia's government has revealed that the new capital city will be built on the island of Borneo. President Joko Widodo announced that the administrative functions of Jakarta would move to the area of East Kalimantan, reported Bloomberg. The new capital will be located between North Penajam Paser and Kutai Kartanegara on the Indonesian part of Borneo, 870 miles away from the current capital. The cost of building the new capital city is estimated to be 466 trillion rupiah (£26.6 billion) and construction will take 10 years. Indonesia's leader claimed that moving the capital to another island will help ease income disparity across the archipelago, although environmentalists fear that the new city could endanger Borneo's tropical rainforests. Widodo has previously said that the new capital will be a smart city, and kept relatively compact to minimize the environmental impact of deforestation.” (source: dezeen.com – 2019 Aug.)

bài chòi

bài chòi

Bài chòi - Intangible Cultural Heritage of Humanity in 2017 "... in Central Viet Nam is a diverse art combining music, poetry, acting, painting and literature."


bài chòi

Bài chòi - Patrimoine culturel immatériel de l'humanité 2017 "... un art diversifié mêlant musique, poésie, jeu d'acteur, peinture et littérature."

Any suggestion, improvement…? Many thanks and please, contact us…
Festival of swings

Festival of swings

It is said that the first eleven ancestors of the Akhas
(now present in China, Thailand, Laos and Myanmar)
Belonged to the spirit world
It was a time when minds and human beings
Lived under the same roof, born to the same parents

But a disagreement arose between minds and men,
And they parted
Then they agreed that the spirits would stay in the forest
While human beings lived in villages

Porticoes with spirits erected at the entrance to villages
Are therefore essential places for the balance of worlds...

So let's think about it
If we participate one day
At the dizzying Festival des Balançoires
In order to honor and respect the ancestors,
And to welcome the harvest season …


On dit que les onze premiers ancêtres des Akhas
(aujourd’hui présents en Chine, Thaïlande, Laos et Myanmar)
Appartenaient au monde des esprits
C’était un temps où esprits et êtres humains
Vivaient sous le même toit, nés des mêmes parents

Mais un désaccord survint entre les esprits et les hommes,
Et ils se séparèrent
Puis ils convinrent que les esprits resteraient dans la forêt
Tandis que les êtres humains vivraient dans les villages

Les portiques aux esprits érigés à l’entrée des villages
Sont donc des lieux essentiels à l’équilibre des mondes…

Alors pensons-y si nous participons un jour
Au vertigineux Festival des Balançoires
Afin d'honorer et respecter les ancêtres,
Et d'accueillir la saison de la récolte…

Tagalog & Filipino languages

Tagalog had primarily been spoken in Manila and the surrounding provinces in the 1930s when the Commonwealth Constitution was originally drawn up. This constitution had stipulations in it that provided for an official national language, but it did not specifically name Tagalog as that language. When the constitution was drawn up, Tagalog was only spoken by about 25% of the population. Tagalog was the lingua franca of people who lived in or near the government capital, and by the 1970s, more than half of the Philippine population was using Tagalog to communicate with one another. Then, during the Aquino presidency in the latter half of the 1980s, the national language was officially labeled Filipino.

Wayang Orang

Wayang Orang

“Wayang Orang (or Wayang Wong)
A dance theatre in Java, Indonesia
With themes ranging from the Ramayana or the Mahabharata

The movements of the actors
Clearly imitating puppets…
Through twenty-one role types,
Each having their own style of make-up and dress…”


Wayang Orang

« Wayang Orang (ou Wayang Wong)
Un théâtre dansé à Java, en Indonésie
Avec des thèmes tirés principalement du Ramayana ou du Mahabharata

Les mouvements des acteurs
Imitant clairement les marionnettes…
À travers 21 types de rôles,
Chacun ayant son propre style de maquillage et de vêtement…»

Proposed by

Wayang Kulit

Wayang Kulit

Wayang kulit - A form of traditional puppet-shadow play in Indonesia - Intangible Heritage of Humanity 2003 – “… Renowned for its elaborate puppets and complex musical styles, this ancient form of storytelling originated on the Indonesian island of Java. For ten centuries wayang flourished at the royal courts of Java and Bali as well as in rural areas. Wayang has spread to other islands (Lombok, Madura, Sumatra and Borneo) where various local performance styles and musical accompaniments have developed.”


Wayang kulit - Théâtre de marionnettes traditionnel en Indonésie - Patrimoine immatériel de l'humanité 2003 – « Réputée pour ses marionnettes ouvragées et la complexité de ses styles musicaux, cette forme ancienne de narration a vu le jour sur l’île indonésienne de Java. Pendant dix siècles, le wayang s’est épanoui dans les cours royales de Java et de Bali, ainsi qu’en milieu rural. Il s’est répandu dans d’autres îles (Lombok, Madura, Sumatra et Bornéo) où divers styles locaux d’interprétation et d’accompagnement musical se sont développés. »

Water puppetry

Water puppetry

Water puppetry (Múa rối nước) – A Vietnamese tradition of water puppetry, the puppets being made out of wood and lacquered. – Its name meaning “Making puppets dance on water”.


Múa rối nước - Une tradition vietnamienne de marionnettes sur eau, les marionnettes étant en bois et laquées. - Son nom signifie « Faire danser les marionnettes sur l'eau ».

Torajans

Torajans

Torajans - An ethnic group of South Sulawesi, Indonesia. Christian and Muslim, many practice a sort of animism known as aluk "the way". They have very specific funeral rites and the celebration of death is considered to deserve the most elaborate and expensive event.


Torajans - Ethnie de Sulawesi (Célèbes) du Sud, Indonésie. Chrétiens et musulmans, beaucoup pratiquent également une sorte d'animisme appelé aluk, "la voie" (ou Aluk To Dolo « la voie des ancêtres »). Ils ont des rites funéraires très spécifiques, la célébration de la mort étant l’événement le plus élaboré et le plus coûteux.

Security Prison 21

Security Prison 21 (or S-21) – A former secondary school in Phnom Penh which was used as a prison by the Khmer Rouge regime, among 150 to 200 torture and execution centers. It was placed under the criminal authority of Kang Kek Iew កាំង ហ្គេកអ៊ាវ alias Comrade Duch (1942-2020). It became the Tuol Sleng Genocide Museum. Etym. Tuol Sleng ទួលស្លែង means "Hill of the Poisonous Trees".

Rohingya

Ethnic group located mainly in the Muslim-dominated state of Arakan in Burma - Their origin is the subject of a controversial debate related in particular to their non inclusion among the 135 ethnic groups officially recognized by the Burmese State (principle attesting of the presence of these ethnicities or not before 1824). Thus stateless, victims of persecution, thrown into an ethnic and confessional conflict in a predominantly Buddhist country, causing renewed violence, murder, ethnic cleansing and increasing radicalization, many Rohingya have fled to some countries including Bangladesh, Malaysia, Thailand ... - They speak rohingya , an Indo-Aryan language related to Bengali. The name rohingya is officially denied to them in Burma, political powers using the term Bengali explicitly designating their foreign origin.

Rama X

Vajiralongkorn วชิราลงกรณ (1952-) King of Thailand since 2016 under the name of Rama X, tenth monarch of the Chakri dynasty.


Rama X

Vajiralongkorn วชิราลงกรณ (1952-) Roi de Thaïlande depuis 2016 sous le nom de Rama X, dixième monarque de la dynastie des Chakri.

Rama Kamhaeng

Rama Kamhaeng

Ramkhamhaeng or Rama "the strong" (1237 or 1247/1298 or 1317) is a king of Thailand who reigned from Sukhothai - Tradition attributes to him the rise of Buddhism in his country, and the creation of the Thai alphasyllabary in 1283 - Some chronicles report an enlightened and prosperous reign.


Ram Khamhaeng, dit Rama le Fort – รามคำแหงมหาราช – ou Pho Khun Ram Khamhaeng) – Étend le royaume de Sukhothaï – Considéré comme le créateur de l'alphabet thaï en 1283.

Rama IX

Bhumibol Adulyadej ภูมิพลอดุลยเดช (1927 - 2016) - King of Thailand from 1946 to 2016 under the name of Rama IX, ninth monarch of the Chakri dynasty. Idolized in his country, at the head of an immense fortune.


Rama IX

Bhumibol Adulyadej ภูมิพลอดุลยเดช (1927 - 2016) – Roi de Thaïlande de 1946 à 2016 sous le nom de Rama IX, neuvième monarque de la dynastie des Chakri. Idolâtré dans son pays, à la tête d’une immense fortune.

Phnom Penh

Phnom Penh (11 ° 34N / 104 ° 55E) is the administrative, economic and political capital of Cambodia. It succeeded Angkor Thom when it stopped exercising its power under Siamese rule. Phnom Penh is located at the confluence of the Mekong and Tonle Sap. The city owes its name to Grandma Penh who would have built a religious building at its location.

Naypyidaw

Naypyidaw is the capital of Burma since 2005, wanted by the military junta as an example of urbanization and security - the buildings spread over a gigantic area, connected by roads under surveillance. A city in the city would have been built exclusively for the army, an example of achievement for its creators and their astrological inspiration, it appears as a great curiosity for outside observers who point the void and anachronism.

Men crocodile

Men crocodile

A ritual among Chambri tribe, Papua New Guinea – An initiation to transition from being a boy to a man by piercing the skin leaving scale-like scars.


Un rituel chez les Chambri, Papouasie-Nouvelle-Guinée - Une initiation du passage à l’âge adulte consistant à laisser des cicatrices su la peau de jeunes garçons ressemblant à des écailles de crocodile.

Lan Xang

Lan Xang

Lan Xang Hom Khao ລ້ານຊ້າງຮົ່ມຂາວ - "Million Elephants and White Parasols" Lao Kingdom (1354-1707)


Lan Xang Hom Khao ລ້ານຊ້າງຮົ່ມຂາວ - « Le Royaume du Million d'Éléphants et du Parasol Blanc » - Royaume Lao (1354-1707)

Hoan Kiem Lake

Hoan Kiem Lake

Hoan Kiem Lake (Vietnamese: Hồ Hoàn Kiếm, Hán tự: 湖還劍) - A fresh water lake meaning "Lake of the Returned Sword" located in the historical center of Hanoi, Vietnam.


Lac Hoan Kiem ou « lac de l'Epée » (Vietnamien: Hồ Hoàn Kiếm, Hán tự: 湖還劍) - Un lac d'eau douce signifiant « Lac de l'épée restituée » situé dans le centre historique de Hanoi, au Vietnam.

Hồ Chí Minh

Hồ Chí Minh

Hồ Chí Minh - Chữ nôm: 胡志明 (1890 – 1969), born Nguyễn Sinh Cung, also known as Bác Hồ ("Uncle Ho") or simply Bác ("Uncle”) - A Vietnamese revolutionary and politician – Prime Minister then President of North Vietnam from 1945 to 1969. He led the Việt Minh independence movement - Saigon, the former capital of South Vietnam, was renamed Ho Chi Minh City.


Hồ Chí Minh - Chữ nôm: 胡志明 (1890 - 1969), né Nguyễn Sinh Cung, également connu sous le nom de Bác Hồ (« Oncle Ho ») ou simplement Bác (« Oncle ») - Un révolutionnaire et homme politique vietnamien – Premier Ministre puis Président du Nord-Vietnam de De 1945 à 1969. Il dirigea le mouvement indépendantiste du Việt Minh. Saigon, l'ancienne capitale du Sud-Vietnam, fut renommée Ho Chi Minh-Ville.

Hạ Long Bay

Hạ Long Bay

Hạ Long Bay (Vietnamese: Vịnh Hạ Long) – A large and natural bay in Quảng Ninh Province - Vietnam, consisting of thousands of limestone karsts and isles in various shapes and sizes - Its name means "descending dragon" - UNESCO World Heritage Site 1994 “Covering an area of 43,400 ha and including over 1600 islands and islets, most of which are uninhabitated and unaffected by humans, it forms a spectacular seascape of limestone pillars and is an ideal model of a mature Karst landscape developed during a warm and wet tropical climate. The property’s exceptional scenic beauty is complemented by its great biological interest.”


Baie d'Along (ou Halong) vietn. Vịnh Hạ Long – Vaste baie naturelle située dans la province de Quảng Ninh au Viêt Nam - Signifie « descente du dragon » - Site du Patrimoine mondial de l'UNESCO 1994 (extension en 2000)... « Couvrant une superficie de 43 400 ha et comprenant plus de 1600 îles et îlots dont la plupart sont inhabités et n’ont pas été perturbés par l’activité humaine, la baie forme un panorama marin spectaculaire de piliers calcaires et représente un modèle parfait de paysage karst mûr, tel qu’il évolue dans un climat tropical, chaud et humide. A la beauté scénique exceptionnelle du site s’ajoute le grand intérêt biologique qu’il présente. »

Chakri dynasty

Dynasty founded in Thailand in 1782, following the defeat of the Ayutthaya dynasty to the Burmese. Bangkok then became the capital of the kingdom. The dynastic names of "Rama". In 1932, the monarchy was changed from an absolute to a constitutional monarchy. In 1939, a military coup put an end to the kingdom of Siam which became Thailand.


Dynastie Chakri

Dynastie fondée en Thaïlande en 1782, à la suite de la défaite de celle d'Ayutthaya face aux Birmans. Bangkok devint alors capitale du royaume. Les noms dynastiques de « Rama ». En 1932, on passe d’une monarchie absolue à une monarchie constitutionnelle. En 1939, un coup d'État militaire met un terme au royaume de Siam qui devient la Thaïlande.

Bayon

Main Buddhist temple of Angkor Thom erected during the reign of Jayavarman VII - later devoted to Hinduism. It is characterized in particular by a series of monumental faces and bas-reliefs depicting mythological and worldly scenes.

Aung San Suu Kyi

Aung San Suu Kyi (1945-) is a major figure in Burma, an emblematic representative of the nonviolent opposition to the Burmese jungle that ruled from 1962 to 2012. Daughter of General Aung San, she made a deserving run which won her many recognitions around the world, including the Nobel Peace Prize in 1991. Elected as a Member of Parliament in 2012, she took political responsibility from that date and became de facto Head of Government em> (a constitutional provision preventing it from bearing the title). She was strongly criticized for her prolonged silence during the Rohingya crisis.

Angkor

Angkor

Angkor អង្គរ - The capital city of the Khmer Empire, also named Yasodharapura, a brilliant place from the 9th century till its sacking in 1431 causing the migration of its population. UNESCO World heritage 1992… “Stretching over some 400 km2, including forested area, Angkor Archaeological Park contains the magnificent remains of the different capitals of the Khmer Empire, from the 9th to the 15th century. They include the famous Temple of Angkor Wat and, at Angkor Thom, the Bayon Temple with its countless sculptural decorations.”


Angkor អង្គរ - Capitale de l'empire khmer, également appelée Yasodharapura, brillant du 9ème siècle jusqu'à son sac en 1431, provoquant la migration de sa population. Patrimoine mondial de l'UNESCO 1992… « S’étendant sur quelque 400 km2 couverts en partie par la forêt, le parc archéologique d’Angkor recèle les admirables vestiges des différentes capitales de l’Empire khmer qui rayonna entre le IXe et le XVe siècle : le célèbre temple d’Angkor Vat et, à Angkor Thom, le temple du Bayon orné d’innombrables sculptures. »

Alexandre de Rhodes

Alexandre de Rhodes

Alexandre de Rhodes (1591-1660) - A French Jesuit missionary and lexicographer in Vietnam - In favor of a new Latin-script alphabet (later refined as quốc ngữ).


Alexandre de Rhodes (1591-1660) - Missionnaire et lexicographe jésuite français au Viet Nam - En faveur d'un nouvel alphabet latin (plus tard nommé quốc ngữ).

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Noken is a knotted or woven bag, native to the Papua. (Papuan lgs, English lg, Hiri Motu lg, Tok Pisin lg)


Noken est un sac noué ou tissé, originaire de la Papouasie.

What is a container? How to define it? Russian Matriochka, Ming vase, Grail cup, what is the nature of containers? What is their meaning? How to know their uses? What about their manufacture? And their lifespan? In the modern market, what role does packaging play? With what consequences? How can digital technology change the nature and / or function of certain containers?

Qu'est-ce qu'un contenant ? Comment le définir ? Matriochka russe, vase ming, coupe du Graal, quelle est la nature des contenants ? Quelle est leur signification ? Comment en connaître les usages ? Qu’en est-il de leur fabrication ? et de leur durée de vie ? Dans le cadre du marché moderne, quelle place prend le packaging ? Avec quelles conséquences ? Comment le numérique peut-il changer la nature et / ou la fonction de certains contenants ?...

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