Muhammad Ahmad bin Abd Allah

Muhammad Ahmad bin Abd Allah

Muhammad Ahmad bin Abd Allah (1844 –1885) - A Sudanese religious leader proclaimed the Mahdi by his disciples. After his success against Ottoman-Egyptian and over the British armies, he created a vast Islamic state from the Red Sea to Central Africa. His supporters were the Ansars. At his death, Abdallahi ibn Muhammad ruled as Khalifa. By 1899, the Mahdist state was finally defeated during the Anglo-Egyptian conquest of Sudan.

Kingdom of Kush

Kingdom of Kush

Kingdom of Kush (c. 785BCE – c. 350CE) - An ancient kingdom in Nubia. Its capitals were successively Napata (pres. Karima, Sudan) and Meroë. The Kingdom of Aksum defeated it in the 4th century AD. Afterwards three Christianized kingdoms emerged: Nobatia, Makuria and Alodia.


Royaume de Koush (v. 785BCE - v. 350CE) - Ancien royaume de Nubie. Ses capitales furent successivement Napata (auj. Karima, Soudan) et Méroé. Le royaume d'Axoum est vaincu au 4ème siècle après JC. Par la suite, trois royaumes christianisés ont émergé : Nobatia, Makuria et Alodia.

Darfur

Darfur دار فور‎, "Realm of the Fur” - A region in western Sudan. Independent sultanate during several hundred years, it was incorporated into Sudan in 1916. Since 2003, a war between Sudanese government forces and the indigenous population, has led to terrible crimes and a constant state of humanitarian emergency.

Aisha Musa Ahmad

Aisha Musa Ahmad

Aisha Musa Ahmad (1905-1974) or Aisha al-Falatiya
A Sudanese singer,
The first woman to sing on Sudanese radio in 1942

After over 150 songs all along her career,
She got a great popularity in Sudan
As well as in Egypt


Aisha Musa Ahmad (1905-1974) ou Aisha al-Falatiya
Une chanteuse soudanaise,
La première femme à chanter à la radio soudanaise en 1942

Après plus de 150 chansons tout au long de sa carrière
Elle a acquis une grande popularité au Soudan et en Égypte

Somalia and FGM

It was during the period of the pandemic in 2020 that we learned that Sudan had passed a law condemning excision. "According to UNICEF, more than 87 per cent of women aged 15-49 say they have undergone female genital cutting in Sudan. The practice is so widespread because a woman is considered 'pure' only if she has been cut. "This is an important step forward, but one that must now be implemented. At the same time, in Somalia, where it is estimated that 98% of women are excised, the NGO Plan International stated that the confinement has had terrible consequences for the girl child, in a context of deprivation where eradication campaigns have been considerably slowed down.


C’est durant la période de la pandémie en 2020 que l’on a appris que le Soudan avait voté une loi condamnant l’excision. « Selon l’UNICEF, plus de 87 % des femmes de 15 à 49 ans affirment avoir subi l’excision au Soudan. Si cette pratique est si répandue, c’est parce qu’une femme est jugée « pure » seulement si elle a été excisée. » Avancée importante donc, mais qui doit être désormais confrontée à sa mise en application. Parallèlement, en Somalie où l’on estime que 98% des femmes sont excisées, l'ONG Plan International affirmait que le confinement aura eu de terribles conséquences pour les fillettes, dans un contexte de privation alors que les campagnes d'éradication étaient considérablement ralenties.

woman

038/200woman

Sudanese women are often dressed with the thobe (or thawb), a white or colorful long one piece cloth usually covering their head.


Les femmes soudanaises sont souvent habillées d'un thawb (thobe, tobe...), un long tissu blanc ou coloré d'une seule pièce qui couvre généralement leur tête.

What makes someone a woman? How can you define being a woman? How can the history of humanity, of its greatness, of its misguidance, be reflected in the consideration of women? How have societies and cultures defined their place and role, often in terms of domination? What happened when this was not the case? What developments can be seen in these areas that could significantly change the very idea of humanity? How can digital technology - or not - contribute to this? Is technology giving them the power to raise their voice that was for so long silenced? Is this the tool that was needed to lift them up? ... (to be completed)

Qu’est-ce qu’une femme ? Comment la définir ? Comment l’histoire de l’humanité, de sa grandeur, de ses égarements, peut se refléter dans la considération de la femme ? Comment sociétés & cultures en ont-elles défini la place et le rôle, souvent en termes de domination ? Qu’en fut-il lorsque ce n’était pas le cas ? Quelles évolutions peut-on voir en ces domaines susceptibles de modifier sensiblement l’idée même de l’humanité ? Comment le numérique peut-il – ou non – y contribuer ? La technologie donne-t-elle aux femmes le pouvoir d'élever leur voix si longtemps réduite au silence ?... (à compléter)

Sudan

Sudan

Sudan is a country in Africa. Its capital is: Khartoum. Its official languages are: Arabic; English . Its currency is: Sudanese Pound.

Code: SD | SDN
FR: Soudan
DE: Sudan
IT: Sudan
ES: Sudán
ZH: 苏丹
PI: sūdān
JA: スーダン
RO: Sūdan
Capital: Khartoum
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