Whitfield-Manjiro Friendship Society, Inc.

“In 1841 a young Japanese boy of 14 years named Manjiro was the man of his family having lost his father at the age of eight. His only brother was older but quite sickly. He sought to be a fisherman in order to help support his mother (Shiho) and four siblings. From his village of Nakanohama he journeyed to the port of Usa 90 miles to the northeast. Finally he was allowed to join a crew of four others and they sailed on January 5th to search for their catch of bonito. Being the youngest, Manjiro’s duties included cooking (mostly rice) and unloading the nets when pulled onto the boat (…)” (whitfield-manjiro.org)

The American dream – Ellis Island

The American dream – Ellis Island

"The American dream!
This is an expression that has inspired many minds and destinies...

Just a myth?
Not from an Ellis Island perspective.
Through whose door 16 million people
were able to project this dream between 1892 and 1954.

Hope for millions to approach
The promised land that America was to them.

It is estimated that more than 100 million Americans...
Would have one or more ancestors
Who would've come through Ellis Island...”

« Le rêve américain !
Voilà une expression qui a inspiré bien des esprits, et des destins…

Un simple mythe ?
Pas du point de vue d’Ellis Island
Par la porte de laquelle 16 millions de personnes
Ont pu projeter ce rêve entre 1892 et 1954

Espoir pour des millions d’aborder
La terre promise qu’était à leur yeux l'Amérique.

On estime ainsi que plus de 100 millions d'Américains
Auraient un ou plusieurs ancêtres
Qui seraient passés par Ellis Island… »

Proposed by

Sun Dance – Blackfoots

"The Blackfoots most important spiritual ceremony is the Sun Dance. Taking place over eight days in the summer, it is also known as the Medicine Lodge Ceremony. It centers around dancing, singing, prayer and fasting, and the buffalo is the highlight of the ceremony. The ceremony was deemed illegal from the 1890s until 1934, when it was restored." (thevintagenews.com)

"La cérémonie spirituelle la plus importante des Blackfoots est la danse du soleil, se déroulant sur huit jours en été. Il se concentre sur la danse, le chant, la prière et le jeûne, et le buffle est le clou de la cérémonie. La cérémonie a été jugée illégale à partir des années 1890 jusqu'en 1934, date à laquelle elle a été restaurée." (thevintagenews.com)

Pop Art’s origins

"Le pop art a débuté avec les artistes new-yorkais Andy Warhol, Roy Liechtenstein, James Rosenquist et Claes Oldenburg, qui ont tous puisé dans des images populaires et faisaient partie intégrante d'un phénomène international. Après la popularité des expressionnistes abstraits, la réintroduction par le Pop ART d’une 'imagerie identifiable (tirée des médias de masse et de la culture populaire) a constitué un changement majeur dans le modernisme. " (theartstory.org)

Love everything you see, including yourself

Love everything you see, including yourself

If you like the Hawaiian code Aloha,
Then you will also be very interested in
The Hawaiian code of forgiveness and reconciliation
From ancestors,
To the people around you
After a certain disobedience, excess, or hurting someone...
It’s the calling for repentance, forgiveness, gratitude and love…

Kahuna Nui Hale Kealohalani Makua
"Love everything you see, including yourself. "

Si vous appréciez Aloha, le code hawaïen pour la vie
Alors vous serez également très intéressé.e par
Ho'oponopono, le code hawaïen du pardon et de la réconciliation
Une façon de mettre les choses en ordre – c'est l'étymologie – avec les ancêtres,
Ou avec les gens autour de vous
Après une certaine désobéissance, un excès, une blessure…
Appelant au repentir, au pardon, à la gratitude et à l'amour…

Kahuna Nui Hale Kealohalani Makua
« Aimez tout ce que vous voyez, y compris vous-même. »



Inipi - A type of sweat lodge, a Lakota purification ceremony. Stones are heated and placed in the floor of the hut inside a central well. Producing heat and steam, they are brought to the hut several times, in honor of the four cardinal directions. Prayers to Wakan Tanka are also formulated in order to protect or (re)establish both physical and mental health.


Inipi - Un type de hutte à sudation, une cérémonie de purification notamment chez les Lakota. Des pierres sont chauffées puis placées dans le sol de la hutte à l'intérieur d'un puits central. Produisant de la chaleur et de la vapeur, elles sont amenées à plusieurs reprises dans la hutte, en l'honneur des quatre directions cardinales. Des prières à Wakan Tanka sont également formulées.

Any suggestion, improvement…? Many thanks and please, contact us…

Hózhó philosophy (3)

Hózhó is “everything that a Navajo thinks as good—that is good as opposed to evil, favorable to man as opposed to unfavorable or doubtful.” —Wyman and Haile - The Fundamental Law of the Navajo Nation (2015).

Hózhó est « tout ce qu'un Navajo considère comme bon : ce qui est bien par opposition à ce qui est mal, ce qui est favorable à l'homme par opposition à ce qui est défavorable ou douteux». - Wyman et Haile - La loi fondamentale de la nation Navajo (2015).

Hawaii settlements

Archaeological studies usually date the earliest habitation of the Hawaiian Islands to around 300CE, probably by Polynesian settlers from the Marquesas Islands, although some scholars assert it later. Following the first settlement of the Hawaiian Island, there was asecond wave of migration in the 11th century.

Haunted by the Spanish flu, a small town in Arizona fears that history will repeat itself’

“… “Gone but not forgotten”, can we read on the grave of Carl Axel Carlson, who died in 1918 Spanish flu. It was his body, repatriated from the east coast of the United States, which had spread the deadly virus in the Bisbee area, at the time a prosperous mining town in Arizona. A century later, the town is now trembling in the face of the Covid-19 pandemic, which threatens its population of retirees and hippies as well as its tourist industry. The Spanish flu "came by train" with Carl Carlson, local historian Mike Anderson told AFP. The soldier had been sent back to Bisbee to be buried there and "two or three days later, he was already killing people", continues Mike Anderson, pointing to other graves dating from 1918 located around his own.” (AFP – 2020/07)

Members of United States Electoral College

“The U.S. Constitution specifies that the President and Vice President of the United States are to be chosen every four years by a small group of people (currently 538) who are individually referred to as “presidential electors” and collectively referred to as the “Electoral College.” The Constitution specifies that each state is entitled to one member of the Electoral College for each of its U.S. Representatives and U.S. Senators. Today, there are a total of 538 electoral votes in the Electoral College. This total of 538 corresponds to the : 435 U.S. Representatives from the 50 states, plus 100 U.S. Senators from the 50 states, plus 3 members of the Electoral College to which the District of Columbia became entitled under the 23rd Amendment (ratified in 1961). Every 10 years, the 435 U.S. Representatives are reapportioned among the states in accordance with the latest federal census, thereby automatically reapportioning the membership of the Electoral College among the states. Each political party nominates its own candidates (typically long-standing party activists, officeholders, or donors) for the position of presidential elector. Most nominees for the position of presidential elector are nominated by district and state conventions of political parties. Some are nominated in party primaries.” (nationalpopularvote.com)

Operation Condor & South American military dictatorships

“In 1975, six South American military dictatorships conspired to concoct a secret plan to eliminate their left-wing opponents. Not only would the intelligence services of Argentina, Bolivia, Brazil, Chile, Paraguay and Uruguay trade information with each other and kidnap, disappear and kill their own domestic foes, they would also cooperate in identifying and killing exiles from partner countries who had taken refuge elsewhere. By the time Operation Condor ended in the early 1980s, as many as 60,000 people may have been killed…” (lens.blogs.nytimes.com / Larry Rohter 2014/01)



The ulu ᐅᓗ is a knife only used by Inuit, Yupik or Aleut women. (Inuktitut lg, Inuktitut wr)

L'ulu ᐅᓗ est un couteau utilisé uniquement par les femmes inuites, yupik ou aléoutes.

What is cutting? How to define it? From the cutting of the body of Osiris to that of Chinese paper, from the cutting of fields at harvest time to that of hair, from the sharing of a Serbian Slava to the cutting of textiles by laser, what meanings can be attributed to the thousand and one reasons for cutting? What place does this fact hold in human activities? Is digital technology changing the game?... (to be completed)

Qu’est-ce que couper ? Comment le définir ? Du découpage du corps d’Osiris à celui du papier chinois, de la coupe des champs lors de la moisson à celle de la chevelure, du partage d’une Slava serbe à la découpe de textiles au laser, quelles significations attribuer aux mille et une raisons de couper ? Quelle place tient ce fait dans les activités humaines ? Le numérique change-t-il la donne ?... (à compléter)



Nádleeh, litter. “One who is transformed”, is a two-spirit person among Navajos people. (Navajo lg)

Nádleeh, littér. « Celui qui est transformé », est une personne dite aux deux esprits chez les Navajos.

What is sexuality? How important is sexuality in our relationship to the world? What has been the place of sexuality and gender in different ages and societies? What is it today? How do we consider the role of pleasure and that of reproduction? How are questions relating to parity addressed? What is the place of sexuality in the digital environment? How is the search for sexual partners carried out? How is assisted or distance sexuality developing?... (to be completed)

Qu’est–ce que la sexualité ? Quelle importance la sexualité occupe–t–elle dans notre relation au monde ? Quelle a été la place de la sexualité et du genre selon les âges et les sociétés ? Quelle est-elle aujourd’hui ? Comment y considère-t-on la part du plaisir et celle de la reproduction ? Comment sont appréhendées les questions relatives à la parité ? Quelle est la place de la sexualité dans l’environnement numérique ? Comment s’y effectue la recherche de partenaires sexuels ? Comment se développe la sexualité assistée ou à distance ?... (à compléter)



The American Brothers Orville (1871 – 1948) and Wilbur (1867 – 1912) Wright are credited to have invented and flown the world's first successful airplane. (English lg)

Les frères américains Orville (1871 - 1948) et Wilbur (1867 - 1912) Wright sont réputés avoir inventé et piloté le premier avion réussi au monde.

What is an airplane? How to define it? How did air traffic develop? What forms has air traffic taken from one context to another - commercial, political, scientific, tourist, etc.? What is the role of aviation in economic balances? What are the environmental effects of aviation? What impact has and will digital technology have on air navigation?... (to be completed)

Qu’est–ce qu’un avion ? Comment le définir ? Comment s’est développé le trafic aérien ? Quelles formes le trafic aérien a–t–il prises d’un contexte à l’autre marchand, politique, scientifique, touristique… ? Quel est le rôle de l’aviation dans les équilibres économiques ? Quels sont les effets environnementaux de l’aviation ? Quels impacts a et aura le numérique sur la navigation aérienne ?... (à compléter)



The famous tree, the sequoia, was named after Sequoyah (ᏍᏏᏉᏯ Ssiquoya), founder of the Cherokee syllabary. (Cherokee lg, Cherokee wr)

Le célèbre arbre, le séquoia, a été nommé d'après Sequoyah (ᏍᏏᏉᏯ Ssiquoya), fondateur du syllabaire Cherokee.

What is a tree? How to define it? From the Scandinavian Yggdrasil to the hundreds of billions of beings composing the Amazonian forest, from the bonsais and their care to the sequoia whose name pays homage to a glorious creator of writing, what values and symbols have we attributed to them? What is their place in cultures? How have we exploited them and for what purposes? In what way do trees (and forests) have a central place in environmental equilibrium? (to be completed)

Qu’est-ce qu’un arbre ? Comment le définir ? De l’Yggdrasil scandinave aux centaines de milliards d’êtres composant la forêt amazonienne, des bonsais et de leur entretien au séquoia dont le nom rend hommage à un glorieux créateur d’écriture, quelles valeurs et symboles leur avons-nous attribués ? Quelle est leur place dans les cultures ? Comment les avons-nous exploités et à quelles fins ? En quoi les arbres (et les forêts) ont-ils une place centrale dans les équilibres environnementaux ?... (à compléter)